Ottoman–Venetian War 1570–1573

[ 1570 - 1573 ]

The Fourth Ottoman–Venetian War, also known as the War of Cyprus (Italian: Guerra di Cipro) was fought between 1570–1573. It was waged between the Ottoman Empire and the Republic of Venice, the latter joined by the Holy League, a coalition of Christian states formed under the auspices of the Pope, which included Spain (with Naples and Sicily), the Republic of Genoa, the Duchy of Savoy, the Knights Hospitaller, the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, and other Italian states.

The war, the preeminent episode of Sultan Selim II's reign, began with the Ottoman invasion of the Venetian-held island of Cyprus. The capital Nicosia and several other towns fell quickly to the considerably superior Ottoman army, leaving only Famagusta in Venetian hands. Christian reinforcements were delayed, and Famagusta eventually fell in August 1571 after a siege of 11 months. Two months later, at the Battle of Lepanto, the united Christian fleet destroyed the Ottoman fleet, but was unable to take advantage of this victory. The Ottomans quickly rebuilt their naval forces, and Venice was forced to negotiate a separate peace, ceding Cyprus to the Ottomans and paying a tribute of 300,000 ducats.

Belligerents Initiation Date Termination Date
Turkey (Ottoman Empire) and Republic of Venice 1570 1573 View
Turkey (Ottoman Empire) and Spain 1570 1573 View
Turkey (Ottoman Empire) and Vatican (Papal States) 1570 1573 View
Turkey (Ottoman Empire) and Kingdom of Naples 1570 1573 View
Turkey (Ottoman Empire) and Republic of Genoa 1570 1573 View
Turkey (Ottoman Empire) and Kingdom of Sicily 1570 1573 View
Turkey (Ottoman Empire) and Duchy of Savoy 1570 1573 View
Turkey (Ottoman Empire) and Malta 1570 1573 View
Turkey (Ottoman Empire) and Grand Duchy of Tuscany 1570 1573 View
Turkey (Ottoman Empire) and Duchy of Urbino 1570 1573 View

Related Conflicts

No Releted Conflicts