The Revolt of Horea, Closca and Crisan (31 October 1784 – 14 December 1784) began in Zarand County, Transylvania, but it soon spread throughout all Transylvania and the Apuseni Mountains. The main demands were focused on the abolition of the feudal serfdom status of the Romanians and the achievement of political equality of the Romanian majority population of Transylvania with the privileged minority groups - Hungarians, Germans, and Szeklers.
The leaders were Horea (Vasile Ursu Nicola, 1731–1785), Closca (Ion Oarga, 1747–1785) and Crisan (Marcu Giurgiu, 1733–1785).
They fought at Campeni, Abrud and Rosia and defeated the Austrian Imperial Army at Brad and Halmagiu on 27 November 1784.
The uprising was ended by Horea in 14 December 1784, at Campeni. Afterwards, in January 1785, the leaders were captured by treason. Horea and Closca were executed by breaking on the wheel on 28 February 1785 at Dealul Furcilor (Forks Hill), Alba-Iulia. Crisan hanged himself on the night before the execution.