The War of Knives (French: Guerre des couteaux) alludes to the conflict between the Haitian revolutionary Toussaint Louverture, a black, and his adversary André Rigaud, a mulatto, from June 1799 to March 1800. These men fought over control of Haiti after defeating foreign forces. Rigaud won a significant victory over the British invasion, and Toussaint was of a superior rank in the French Army. This left both individuals with a right to claim leadership, however priority was given to Toussaint by the majority. Rigaud refused to recognize the appointment so an armed conflict began.