The Creek War 1813-1814

[ 1813 - 1814 ]

The Creek Indians, who had been allies of the British during the War of 1812, were angered by white encroachment on their hunting grounds in Georgia and Alabama. In 1813, some Creeks under Chief Red Eagle (William Watherford) (1780?-1824) attacked and burned Fort Mims on the lower Alabama River, killing about 500 whites [the Fort Mims Massacre]. Afterward, US militiamen, led by General Andrew Jackson (1767-1845), invaded Creek territory in central Alabama and destroyed two Indian villages -- Talladega and Tallasahatchee -- in the fall of1813. Jackson pursued the Creek, and on March 27, 1814, his 3,000-man army attacked and defeated them at that Battle of Horseshoe Bend on the Tallapoosa River in eastern Albabama. More than 800 Creek warriors were killed, and the power of the Creek nation was completely broken. At the Treaty of Fort Jackson on August 9, 1814, the Creek were compelled to cede 23 million acres (half of Alabama and part of southern Georgia) to the whites.

Total Casualties Killed and Wounded
Casualties Killed / Wounded
Military Casualties Killed 2181 /Wounded
Civilian Casualties Killed / Wounded
Belligerents Initiation Date Termination Date
Red Stick Creek and United States of America 1813 1814 View
Red Stick Creek and Cherokee 1813 1814 View
Red Stick Creek and Choctaw 1813 1814 View
Red Stick Creek and Muscogee 1813 1814 View

Related Conflicts

No Releted Conflicts