Neapolitan War 1815

[ 1815 ]

The Congress of Vienna (1814-15), held by the victorious allies to restore the pre-Revolutionary European political status quo, determined that the Bourbons should be returned to Naples. For this reason, taking advantage of Napoleon's escape from Elba to France on March 1, 1815, and his return to power, Joachim Murat opted to change sides yet one more time and declared war on Austria on March 15, 1815. By the Rimini proclamation on March 30 he incited all Italian nationalists to war, but no general insurrection occurred. Quickly defeated, Murat was forced to abdicate in May. From his exile in Corsica he moved to a base in Calabria in order to attempt the reconquest of his kingdom. Recaptured by Bourbon troops, he was executed in October 1815.

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In 1812 Murat took part in Napoleon's Russian campaign and once more distinguished himself at Borodino; but, left in charge of the shattered Grand Army during the retreat from Moscow, he abandoned it to try to save his kingdom of Naples. In 1813 he wavered between loyalty to Napoleon and negotiation with the Allies. The Austrians signed a treaty with him, but the former Bourbon rulers of Naples raised objections, and his situation was in doubt when Napoleon returned to France in 1815. He then staked his hopes on an appeal to Italian nationalism, but his Neapolitans were defeated by the Austrians at Tolentino, and he was forced to flee to Corsica. In October he made a last, hopeless attempt to recover Naples virtually unaided and was taken prisoner and shot.

<p> </p><table class='table table-bordered col-lg-12 col-md-12 col-sm-12 col-xs-12 margin20 row-30' width="100%" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0"> <colgroup><col width="41*"> <col width="41*"> <col width="44*"> <col width="44*"> <col width="44*"> <col width="44*"> </colgroup><tbody><tr> <td width="16%" style="border: none; padding: 0cm"> <p><font face="Arial"><font style="font-size: 10pt">State</font></font></p> </td> <td width="16%" style="border: none; padding: 0cm"> <p><font face="Arial"><font style="font-size: 10pt">Entry</font></font></p> </td> <td width="17%" style="border: none; padding: 0cm"> <p><font face="Arial"><font style="font-size: 10pt">Exit</font></font></p> </td> <td width="17%" style="border: none; padding: 0cm"> <p><font face="Arial"><font style="font-size: 10pt">Combat Forces</font></font></p> </td> <td width="17%" style="border: none; padding: 0cm"> <p><font face="Arial"><font style="font-size: 10pt">Population</font></font></p> </td> <td width="17%" style="border: none; padding: 0cm"> <p><font face="Arial"><font style="font-size: 10pt">Losses</font></font></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="16%" style="border: none; padding: 0cm"> <p><font face="Arial"><font style="font-size: 10pt">Austria</font></font></p> </td> <td width="16%" style="border: none; padding: 0cm"> <p><font face="Arial"><font style="font-size: 10pt">1815</font></font></p> </td> <td width="17%" style="border: none; padding: 0cm"> <p><font face="Arial"><font style="font-size: 10pt">1815</font></font></p> </td> <td width="17%" style="border: none; padding: 0cm"> <p><font face="Arial"><font style="font-size: 10pt">600000</font></font></p> </td> <td width="17%" style="border: none; padding: 0cm"> <p><font face="Arial"><font style="font-size: 10pt">28000000</font></font></p> </td> <td width="17%" style="border: none; padding: 0cm"> <p><font face="Arial"><font style="font-size: 10pt">10000</font></font></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="16%" style="border: none; padding: 0cm"> <p><font face="Arial"><font style="font-size: 10pt">Italy</font></font></p> </td> <td width="16%" style="border: none; padding: 0cm"> <p><font face="Arial"><font style="font-size: 10pt">1815</font></font></p> </td> <td width="17%" style="border: none; padding: 0cm"> <p><font face="Arial"><font style="font-size: 10pt">1815</font></font></p> </td> <td width="17%" style="border: none; padding: 0cm"> <p><font face="Arial"><font style="font-size: 10pt">250000</font></font></p> </td> <td width="17%" style="border: none; padding: 0cm"> <p><font face="Arial"><font style="font-size: 10pt">21000000</font></font></p> </td> <td width="17%" style="border: none; padding: 0cm"> <p><font face="Arial"><font style="font-size: 10pt">10000</font></font></p> </td> </tr> </tbody></table>

Total Casualties 20000 Killed and Wounded
Casualties Killed / Wounded
Military Casualties Killed 20000 /Wounded
Civilian Casualties Killed / Wounded
Note
Belligerents Initiation Date Termination Date
Austrian Empire and Kingdom of Naples 1815 / 3 / 15 1815 / 5 / 20 View
Grand Duchy of Tuscany and First French Empire 1815 / 3 / 15 1815 / 5 / 20 View
Kingdom of Sicily and Kingdom of Naples 1815 / 3 / 15 1815 / 5 / 20 View
United Kingdom - UK (Great Britain) and First French Empire 1815 / 3 / 15 1815 / 5 / 20 View

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