Cracow Revolt in Polish Lands of Austria 1846

[ 1846 ]

The radical factions never formed a united front on any issue besides the general goal of independence. Their programs insisted that the Poles liberate themselves by their own efforts and linked independence with republicanism and the emancipation of the peasants. Handicapped by internal division, limited resources, heavy surveillance, and persecution of revolutionary cells in Poland, the Polish national movement suffered numerous losses. The movement sustained a major setback in the 1846 revolt organized in Austrian Poland by the Polish Democratic Society, the leading radical nationalist group. The uprising ended in a bloody fiasco when the peasantry took up arms against the gentry rebel leadership, which was regarded as potentially a worse oppressor than the Austrians. By incurring harsh military repression from Austria, the failed revolt left the Polish nationalists in poor position to participate in the wave of national revolution that crossed Europe in 1848 and 1849. The stubborn idealism of this unprising's leaders emphasized individual liberty and separate national identity rather than establishment of a unified republic--a significant change of political philosophy from earlier movements.

Total Casualties 2000 Killed and Wounded
Casualties Killed / Wounded
Military Casualties Killed 1000 /Wounded
Civilian Casualties Killed 1000 / Wounded
Belligerents Initiation Date Termination Date
Resistance movements in partitioned Poland and Austrian Empire 1846 View
Resistance movements in partitioned Poland and Imperial and Royal Army during the Napoleonic Wars 1846 View

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