First Italian Invasion of the Papal States 1862

[ 1862 ]

Early in 1862 Victor Emmanuel again persuaded Garibaldi to lead a revolutionary expedition, this time to attack Austria in the Balkans. He was allowed to recruit another volunteer army, and munitions were collected for him in Sicily; but he then decided to use this army to attack the Papal States. The Italian government did not want to jeopardize its relations with the French, who garrisoned the Papal States, and at this point ordered its own forces to stop Garibaldi. At the ensuing Battle of Aspromonte he was badly wounded and taken prisoner. He was freed, however, and now the King's complicity with him could no longer be denied.

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