Second Schleswig War 1864

[ 1864 ]

In 1863, nevertheless, the Liberal government prevailed on the new Danish king, Christian IX, to sign a new joint constitution for Denmark and Schleswig. Prussia and Austria were thus freed to intervene as the upholders of the 1852 protocol. In the ensuing Danish War (1864), Danish military resistance was crushed by Prussia and Austria in two brief campaigns, and, by the Treaty of Vienna in October, Christian IX ceded Schleswig and Holstein to Prussia and Austria.


When the government in Copenhagen sought to make Schleswig an integral part of the Danish state in 1863, nationalist sentiment in central Europe was outraged. William I proposed to Francis Joseph that the two leading powers of the German Confederation should occupy the duchies in order to prevent the violation of an international agreement that had guaranteed their separate status. Afraid to let the Prussians act on their own, the emperor agreed, and in 1864 there was a brief war against Denmark that demonstrated the strength of the reorganized army of the Hohenzollerns. Danish hopes for foreign assistance proved illusory, and by the Peace of Vienna (October 30) the duchies became the joint possession of Prussia and Austria.

<table class='table table-bordered col-lg-12 col-md-12 col-sm-12 col-xs-12 margin20 row-30' border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%" style="font-family: 'Times New Roman'; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><tbody><tr><td width="16%"><font face="Arial" size="2">State</font></td><td width="16%"><font face="Arial" size="2">Entry</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">Exit</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">Combat Forces</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">Population</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">Losses</font></td></tr><tr><td width="16%"><font face="Arial" size="2">Denmark</font></td><td width="16%"><font face="Arial" size="2">1864</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">1864</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">50000</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">2000000</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">3000</font></td></tr><tr><td width="16%"><font face="Arial" size="2">Germany</font></td><td width="16%"><font face="Arial" size="2">1864</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">1864</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">500000</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">30000000</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">1000</font></td></tr></tbody></table>

Total Casualties 4000 Killed and Wounded
Casualties Killed / Wounded
Military Casualties Killed 4000 /Wounded
Civilian Casualties Killed / Wounded
Belligerents Initiation Date Termination Date
Denmark and Austrian Empire 1864 / 2 / 1 1864 / 10 / 30 View
Denmark and Kingdom of Prussia 1864 / 2 / 1 1864 / 10 / 30 View
Weapon Name Weapon Class Weapon Class Type
Paixhans gun Vehicle Towed Artillery