Ten Years War 1868-1878

[ 1868 - 1878 ]

Cuban Independence Movement... nationalist uprising in Cuba against Spanish rule. It began with the unsuccessful Ten Years' War (Guerra de los Diez Años; 1868-78)...

Dissatisfied with the corrupt and inefficient Spanish administration, lack of political representation, and high taxes, Cubans in the eastern provinces united under the wealthy planter Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, whose declaration of independence in October 1868 (El Grito de Yara, "The Cry of Yara") signaled the beginning of the Ten Years' War, in which 200,000 lives were lost. Céspedes had the support of landowners, whose main interest was economic and political independence from Spain, whereas the farmers and labourers were more concerned with the immediate abolition of slavery and greater political power for the common man.

In 1876 Spain sent General Arsenio Martínez Campos to crush the revolution. Lacking organization and significant outside support, the rebels agreed to an armistice in February 1878 (Pact of Zanjón), the terms of which promised amnesty and political reform. A second uprising (La Guerra Chiquita, "The Little War"), engineered by Calixto García, began in August 1879 but was quelled by superior Spanish forces in autumn 1880. Spain gave Cuba representation in the Cortes (parliament) and abolished slavery in 1886. Other promised reforms, however, never materialized.

<table class='table table-bordered col-lg-12 col-md-12 col-sm-12 col-xs-12 margin20 row-30' border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%" style="font-family: 'Times New Roman'; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><tbody><tr><td width="16%"><font face="Arial" size="2">State</font></td><td width="16%"><font face="Arial" size="2">Entry</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">Exit</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">Combat Forces</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">Population</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">Losses</font></td></tr><tr><td width="16%"><font face="Arial" size="2">Cuba</font></td><td width="16%"><font face="Arial" size="2">1868</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">1878</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">25000</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">1400000</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">15000</font></td></tr><tr><td width="16%"><font face="Arial" size="2">Spain</font></td><td width="16%"><font face="Arial" size="2">1868</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">1878</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">160000</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">16500000</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">40000</font></td></tr></tbody></table>

Total Casualties 55000 Killed and Wounded
Casualties Killed / Wounded
Military Casualties Killed 55000 /Wounded
Civilian Casualties Killed / Wounded
Note
Belligerents Initiation Date Termination Date
Cuba and Spain 1868 1878 View

Related Conflicts

No Releted Conflicts