Mitre's Rebellion Argentina 1874

[ 1874 ]

In 1868, Batolome Mitre (1821-1906) lost the Argentine presidency to Domingo Faustino Sarmiento (1811-88), who had the backing of the military and whose administration carried on educational reform and economic development. Mitre remained a strong political figure in Buenos Aires, whose financial superiority over other Argentine provinces dominated national life. In 1874, Mitre, leader of the liberal faction, failed to regain the presidency in the election; claiming his defeat was fraudulent, he led a rebellion, but federal troops under Sarmiento defeated the rebels at Buenos Aires (November 6, 1874) and forced Mitre to capitulate. The victorious presidential candidate Nicolas Avellaneda (1836-85), a minister in Sarmiento's government, then took office and governed until 1880, when he was succeeded by General Julio Argentino Roca (1843-1914), who had gained national fame in a successful war (1878-79) against the Indians of Patagonia, who had been pushed south of the Rio Negro, thus opening up the pampas to colonization.

Dictionary of Wars, 300.

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