The Gaza pattern of raiding groups that refused to pay tribute led some of its neighbours to view alliance with the Portuguese as an attractive alternative to periodic plunder. The Portuguese exploited such tensions. In the l890s Portugal mounted a coalition of Portuguese troops and African armies against the Gaza state. With the defeat and deportation of Gaza leadership between l895 and l897, southern Mozambique passed into Portuguese control.
Gaza : The kingdom lasted until 1897, when, weakened by internal tensions, it was overthrown by the Portuguese.