In 1898 the tribes rose in rebellion against the Hut Tax, a tax on dwellings. Massacring some white missionaries before being put down.
The colonial government made treaties of friendship with neighbouring rulers and gradually acquired jurisdiction over the coastline. At the period of the European partition of Africa frontiers were delimited with the neighbouring French and Liberian governments, and a British protectorate was proclaimed in 1896 over the area within the frontier lines, though the original colony retained its status. To raise revenue to pay for administration of the protectorate, a hut tax was imposed. The ruling chiefs, who had not been consulted about the protectorate, objected, and a revolt broke out in 1898 under Bai Bureh. It was suppressed by the end of the year. There were no further large-scale armed risings against the British.