The Malakand Expedition 1896-1897

[ 1896 - 1897 ]

From 1896-97 there was a civil war in Chitral, India, that a British expedition suppressed.

The Kafir of Chitral are an exceptionally interesting people. Their name means "Infidel" or "Non-Muslim" and seems to have been used since the 11th century. Traditionally, they are divided into two groups--the kalasha ("black") Kafir of Chitral and the kati ("red") Kafir of Nurestan. In the past, the Kafir inhabited a much larger area of the Hindu Kush. The Kafir of Nurestan were forcibly converted to Islam in 1896.


Nuristani  also called NURI, KAFFIR, OR KAFIR (Arabic: Infidel), people of the Hindu Kush mountain area of Afghanistan and the Chitral area of Pakistan. Their territory, formerly called Kafiristan, was renamed Nuristan, "Land of Light" or "Enlightenment," when they became Muslims at the turn of the 20th century. The territory now forms the northern part of the Afghan province of Nangarhar and has a population of about 65,000. Only about 3,000 live in Pakistan.

Their language, Kafiri (or Nuristani), belongs to the Indo-Aryan subgroup of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. They are nominally Sunni Muslims but continue in many of their traditional ways dating from before their conquest by the Afghans in 1895.

See Winston S. Churchill, The Malakand Field Force, New York, W.W. Norton, 1990.

<table class='table table-bordered col-lg-12 col-md-12 col-sm-12 col-xs-12 margin20 row-30' border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" width="100%" style="font-family: 'Times New Roman'; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);"><tbody><tr><td width="16%"><font face="Arial" size="2">State</font></td><td width="16%"><font face="Arial" size="2">Entry</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">Exit</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">Combat Forces</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">Population</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">Losses</font></td></tr><tr><td width="16%"><font face="Arial" size="2">Britain</font></td><td width="16%"><font face="Arial" size="2">1896</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">1897</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">25000</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">41000000</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">2000</font></td></tr><tr><td width="16%"><font face="Arial" size="2">Rebels</font></td><td width="16%"><font face="Arial" size="2">1896</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">1897</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">10000</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">2000000</font></td><td width="17%"><font face="Arial" size="2">3000</font></td></tr></tbody></table>

Total Casualties 5000 Killed and Wounded
Casualties Killed 5000 / Wounded
Military Casualties Killed 5000 /Wounded
Civilian Casualties Killed / Wounded
Belligerents Initiation Date Termination Date
Mohmand and British Indian Empire 1896 1897 View

Related Conflicts

No Releted Conflicts