Latvian War of Independence 1919-1920

[ 1919 - 1920 ]

After Germany's defeat in World War I, the Latvians (Letts) proclaimed an independent state with Karlis Ulmanis (1877-1940) as prime minister, but in early January 1919, Soviet (Bolshevik) force invaded the country and seized its capital, Riga, where a Soviet government was set up. However, German-Latvian troops, with the approval of the Allies, forced the Soviets to withdraw in March 1919. Though the Treaty of Versailles required the Germans to leave the area, they attempted to take over Latvia and occupied Riga, but were expelled finally in November 1919. Under Allied pressure, the Soviets, who had again tried to take over, were evicted from the country completely in January 1920, and concluded an armistice with the Latvians a month later. By the Treaty of Riga on August 11, 1920, the Soviet government recognized Latvia's independence.

Total Casualties 12071 Killed and Wounded
Casualties Killed / Wounded
Military Casualties Killed 4186 /Wounded 7885
Civilian Casualties Killed / Wounded
Note
Belligerents Initiation Date Termination Date
Latvia and VI Reserve Corps (German Empire) 1918 / 12 / 5 1920 / 8 / 11 View
Latvian single battalion and Baltische Landeswehr 1918 / 12 / 5 1920 / 8 / 11 View
North Brigade and Freikorps in the Baltic 1918 / 12 / 5 1920 / 8 / 11 View
Estonia and West Russian Volunteer Army 1918 / 12 / 5 1920 / 8 / 11 View
Anatoly Lieven and Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic 1918 / 12 / 5 1920 / 8 / 11 View
Poland and Latvian Socialist Soviet Republic 1918 / 12 / 5 1920 / 8 / 11 View
Lithuania and VI Reserve Corps (German Empire) 1918 / 12 / 5 1920 / 8 / 11 View

Dictionary of Wars, 269.

Related Conflicts

No Releted Conflicts