Sino-Japanese War 1937-1945

[ 1937 - 1945 ]

War was launched against China after the Marco Polo Bridge Incident of July 7, 1937, in which an allegedly unplanned clash took place near Beiping (as Beijing was then called) between Chinese and Japanese troops and quickly escalated into full-scale warfare. The Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-45) ensued, and relations with the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union deteriorated.

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The Chinese resistance stiffened after July 7, 1937, when a clash occurred between Chinese and Japanese troops outside Beijing (then renamed Beiping) near the Marco Polo Bridge. This skirmish not only marked the beginning of open, though undeclared, war between China and Japan but also hastened the formal announcement of the second Guomindang-CCP united front against Japan. The collaboration took place with salutary effects for the beleaguered CCP. The distrust between the two parties, however, was scarcely veiled. The uneasy alliance began to break down after late 1938, despite Japan's steady territorial gains in northern China, the coastal regions, and the rich Chang Jiang Valley in central China. After 1940, conflicts between the Nationalists and Communists became more frequent in the areas not under Japanese control. The Communists expanded their influence wherever opportunities presented themselves through mass organizations, administrative reforms, and the land- and tax-reform measures favoring the peasants--while the Nationalists attempted to neutralize the spread of Communist influence...

In 1945 China emerged from the war nominally a great military power but actually a nation economically prostrate and on the verge of all-out civil war. The economy deteriorated, sapped by the military demands of foreign war and internal strife, by spiraling inflation, and by Nationalist profiteering, speculation, and hoarding. Starvation came in the wake of the war, and millions were rendered homeless by floods and the unsettled conditions in many parts of the country. The situation was further complicated by an Allied agreement at the Yalta Conference in February 1945 that brought Soviet troops into Manchuria to hasten the termination of war against Japan. Although the Chinese had not been present at Yalta, they had been consulted; they had agreed to have the Soviets enter the war in the belief that the Soviet Union would deal only with the Nationalist government. After the war, the Soviet Union, as part of the Yalta agreement's allowing a Soviet sphere of influence in Manchuria, dismantled and removed more than half the industrial equipment left there by the Japanese. The Soviet presence in northeast China enabled the Communists to move in long enough to arm themselves with the equipment surrendered by the withdrawing Japanese army. The problems of rehabilitating the formerly Japanese-occupied areas and of reconstructing the nation from the ravages of a protracted war were staggering, to say the least.

Total Casualties 37587000 Killed and Wounded
Casualties Killed / Wounded
Military Casualties Killed 15587000 /Wounded
Civilian Casualties Killed 22000000 / Wounded
Note
Belligerents Initiation Date Termination Date
China and Japan 1937 1945 View
Germany and East Hebei Autonomous Council 1937 1945 View
Weapon Name Weapon Class Weapon Class Type
Panzer I Vehicle Armoured Fighting Vehicle
BT tank Vehicle Armoured Fighting Vehicle
Vickers 6-Ton Vehicle Armoured Fighting Vehicle
Type 97 Chi-Ha Vehicle Armoured Fighting Vehicle
Type 38 75 mm field gun Vehicle Towed Artillery
Type 41 75 mm Cavalry Gun Vehicle Towed Artillery
Type 92 battalion gun Vehicle Towed Artillery
M116 howitzer Vehicle Towed Artillery
Type 91 10 cm howitzer Vehicle Towed Artillery
Type 38 15 cm howitzer Vehicle Towed Artillery
Type 4 15 cm howitzer Vehicle Towed Artillery
Type 96 15 cm howitzer Vehicle Towed Artillery
Type 11 37 mm infantry gun Vehicle Towed Artillery
Type 41 75 mm Mountain Gun Vehicle Towed Artillery
Type 94 75 mm Mountain Gun Vehicle Towed Artillery
Breda Model 35 Vehicle Towed Artillery
Type 11 75 mm AA gun Vehicle Other
8.8 cm Flak 18/36/37/41 Vehicle Towed Artillery
3.7 cm Pak 36 Vehicle Towed Artillery
Type 94 37 mm Anti-Tank Gun Vehicle Towed Artillery
37 mm Gun M3 Vehicle Towed Artillery
M18 recoilless rifle Manportable Rifles
Type 11 70 mm infantry mortar Manportable Mortars
Mauser C96 Manportable Handguns
Experimental Model 2 submachine gun Manportable Machine Guns
Nambu Pistol Manportable Handguns
Type 94 Nambu pistol Manportable Handguns
MP 18 Manportable Machine Guns
Type 11 Light Machine Gun Manportable Machine Guns
Type 99 Light Machine Gun Manportable Machine Guns
Mauser Gewehr 98 Manportable Rifles
MG 08 Manportable Machine Guns
PM M1910 Manportable Machine Guns
MG 34 Manportable Machine Guns
Type 97 Sniper Rifle Manportable Rifles
Mauser Karabiner 98k Manportable Rifles
Type 38 rifle Manportable Rifles
Hanyang 88 Manportable Rifles
ShKAS machine gun Manportable Machine Guns
Type 97 aircraft machine gun Manportable Machine Guns
Type 99 mine Manportable Mines

Related Conflicts

No Releted Conflicts