Sakdal Uprising in the Philippines 1935

[ 1935 ]

Sakdal, meaning "accuse" in Tagalog, one of the major languages in the Philippines, signified the discontent and anger of the poor, landless peasants who worked on the large plantations in central Luzon, Philippines, in the early 1930s. Many of the peasants joined the Sakdal movement, founded and headed by Benigno Ramos (fl. 1930-35), who called for lower taxes for the poor, land reform, and the Philippines' immediate independence from the United States. The movement gradually evolved into a political party, which drew many votes in the 1934 Philippine fall elections. On the night of May 2, 1935, throngs of Sakdals, many of whom were armed, took control of government buildings in 14 towns in Luzon. The next day government troops were called out and quickly suppressed the rebellious peasants, about 100 of whom were slain in the violence. Ramos escaped to Japan, and the Sakdal party was declared illegal and disbanded.

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