Russo-Finnish War 1939-1940

(Winter War)

[ 1939 - 1940 ]

Russo-Finnish War... also called WINTER WAR (Nov. 30, 1939-March 12, 1940), war waged by the Soviet Union against Finland at the beginning of World War II, following the conclusion of the German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact (Aug. 23, 1939). After Finland had refused to grant the Soviets a naval base and other concessions in the fall of 1939, Soviet troops totaling about one million men attacked Finland on several fronts. The heavily outnumbered Finns put up a skillful and effective defense that winter, and the Red Army made little progress. In February 1940, however, the Soviets used massive artillery bombardments to breach the Mannerheim Line (the Finns' southern defensive barrier stretching across the Karelian Isthmus), after which they streamed northward across the isthmus to the Finnish city of Viipuri (Vyborg). Unable to secure help from Britain and France, the exhausted Finns made peace on Soviet terms on March 12, 1940, agreeing to the cession of western Karelia and to the construction of a Soviet naval base on the Hanko Peninsula.

<table class='table table-bordered col-lg-12 col-md-12 col-sm-12 col-xs-12 margin20 row-30' style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255); width: 419px; height: 115px;" border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0"><tbody><tr><td style="text-align: left;" width="16%"><font size="2" face="Arial">State</font></td><td width="16%"><font size="2" face="Arial">Entry</font></td><td width="17%"><font size="2" face="Arial">Exit</font></td><td width="17%"><font size="2" face="Arial">Combat Forces</font></td><td width="17%"><font size="2" face="Arial">Population</font></td><td width="17%"><font size="2" face="Arial">Losses</font></td></tr><tr><td width="16%"><font size="2" face="Arial">Finnland</font></td><td width="16%"><font size="2" face="Arial">1939</font></td><td width="17%"><font size="2" face="Arial">1940</font></td><td width="17%"><font size="2" face="Arial">80000</font></td><td width="17%"><font size="2" face="Arial">4000000</font></td><td width="17%"><font size="2" face="Arial">40000</font></td></tr><tr><td width="16%"><font size="2" face="Arial">Russia</font></td><td width="16%"><font size="2" face="Arial">1939</font></td><td width="17%"><font size="2" face="Arial">1940</font></td><td width="17%"><font size="2" face="Arial">4000000</font></td><td width="17%"><font size="2" face="Arial">172000000</font></td><td width="17%"><font size="2" face="Arial">50000</font></td></tr></tbody></table>

Total Casualties 90000 Killed and Wounded
Casualties Killed 90000 / Wounded
Military Casualties Killed 90000 /Wounded
Civilian Casualties Killed / Wounded
Note
Belligerents Initiation Date Termination Date
Finland and Russia (USSR) 1939 1940 View
Weapon Name Weapon Class Weapon Class Type
Renault FT Vehicle Armoured Fighting Vehicle
Kliment Voroshilov tank Vehicle Armoured Fighting Vehicle
Ruby pistol Manportable Handguns
Lahti L-35 Manportable Handguns
Panssarimiina m/36 Manportable Mines
Panssarimiina m/39 Manportable Mines
Panssarimiina m/S-39 and m/S-40 Manportable Mines
S-mine Manportable Mines

Related Conflicts