Civil War in Burundi 1993-1994

[ 1993 - 1994 ]

Against a historical background of decades-long ethnic hatred and major outbreaks of strife, Burundi's Hutu and Tutsi tribal factions plunged into another bloody power struggle in October 1993. Four months earlier Burundi's Tutsi-led government agreed to hold open presidential elections; predictably, Hutu citizens, who comprise 85 percent of Burundi's population, voted Hutu banker Melchiot Ndadaye (1953-93) into office, making him the first democratically elected president since the country gained independence from Belgium in 1962. Fearful of Hutu domination, Tutsi members of the Tutsi-dominated army assassinated Ndadaye, setting off a cycle of revenge killings that resulted in 50,000 deaths over the next several months, mostly among both Hutu and Tutsi civilians. The fighting created large numbers of refugees; over the next two years 250,000 Burundians, mostly Hutu, escaped to safety in neighboring Zaire (Congo) and Tanzania, countries burdened by 2 million Rwandan Hutus who fled Rwanda after the genocide of Tutsi civilians in the spring of 1994. International pressure was applied once again, and in early 1994 Burundi formed a coalition government. In April 1994 Burundian president Cyprien Ntaryamira, a Hutu, was killed along with Rwandan president Juvenal Habyarimana in a plane shot down by Hutu extremists. 

Total Casualties 300000 Killed and Wounded
Casualties Killed / Wounded
Military Casualties Killed 300000 /Wounded
Civilian Casualties Killed / Wounded
Belligerents Initiation Date Termination Date
Burundi and National Council for the Defense of Democracy – Forces for the Defense of Democracy 1993 / 10 / 21 2006 / 4 / 15 View
Military of Burundi and National Liberation Front (Burundi) 1993 / 10 / 21 1995 / 4 / 15 View
Burundi and National Liberation Front (FLN) 1993 / 10 / 21 1995 / 4 / 15 View
Military of Burundi and National Forces of Liberation (NFL) 1993 / 10 / 21 1995 / 4 / 15 View

Related Conflicts

No Releted Conflicts