First Chechen War 1994-1996

[ 1994 - 1996 ]

The First Chechen War, also known as the War in Chechnya, was a conflict between the Russian Federation and the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria, fought from December 1994 to August 1996. After the initial campaign of 1994–1995, culminating in the devastating Battle of Grozny, Russian federal forces attempted to seize control of the mountainous area of Chechnya but were set back by Chechen guerrilla warfare and raids on the flatlands despite Russia's overwhelming manpower, weaponry, and air support. The resulting widespread demoralization of federal forces and the almost universal opposition of the Russian public to the conflict led Boris Yeltsin's government to declare a ceasefire with the Chechens in 1996 and sign a peace treaty a year later. The official figure for Russian military deaths is 5,500, while most estimates put the number between 3,500 and 7,500, or even as high as 14,000. Although there are no accurate figures for the number of Chechen forces killed, various estimates put the number at about 3,000 to over 15,000 deaths. Various figures estimate the number of civilian deaths at between 30,000 and 100,000 killed and possibly over 200,000 injured, while more than 500,000 people were displaced by the conflict, which left cities and villages across the republic in ruins. The conflict led to a significant decrease of non-Chechen population due to violence and discrimination.

Total Casualties 123123 Killed and Wounded
Casualties Killed 23123 / Wounded
Military Casualties Killed 23123 /Wounded
Civilian Casualties Killed 100000 / Wounded
Belligerents Initiation Date Termination Date
Russia (USSR) and Arab Mujahideen in Chechnya 1994 / 12 / 11 1996 / 8 / 31 View
Russia (USSR) and Chechen Republic of Ichkeria 1994 1996 View
Weapon Name Weapon Class Weapon Class Type
T-72 Vehicle Armoured Fighting Vehicle
BMP-2 Vehicle Infantry Combat Vehicle
BTR-60 Vehicle Armoured Fighting Vehicle
2S3 Akatsiya Vehicle Self-Propelled artillery
ZSU-23-4 Vehicle Self-Propelled artillery
240 mm mortar M240 Manportable Mortars
2S12 Sani Manportable Mortars
U-5TS Vehicle Towed Artillery
9M14 Malyutka Missile Air to Surface
OTs-14 Groza Manportable Rifles
Dragunov sniper rifle Manportable Rifles
Borz Manportable Machine Guns
PK machine gun Manportable Machine Guns
RPK Manportable Machine Guns
VSS Vintorez Manportable Rifles
RG-6 grenade launcher Manportable Rocket Launcher
AGS -17 Manportable Mortars
PG-7VR Manportable Rocket Launcher
RPO-A Shmel Manportable Rocket Launcher

Related Conflicts

No Releted Conflicts