First Congo War 1996-1997

[ 1996 - 1997 ]

The First Congo War (1996–1997) was a foreign invasion of Zaire led by Rwanda that replaced a decades-long dictator, Mobutu Sésé Seko with the rebel leader Laurent-Désiré Kabila. Destabilization in eastern Zaire that resulted from the Rwandan Genocide was the final factor that caused numerous internal and external factors to align against the corrupt and inept government in the capital, Kinshasa.

The new government renamed the country to the Democratic Republic of the Congo, but it brought little true change. Kabila alienated his Rwandan and Ugandan allies. To avert a coup, Kabila expelled all Rwandan and Ugandan forces from the Congo. This event was a major cause of the Second Congo War the following year. Some experts prefer to view the two conflicts as one war.

Total Casualties 820000 Killed and Wounded
Casualties Killed / Wounded
Military Casualties Killed 20000 /Wounded
Civilian Casualties Killed 800000 / Wounded
Note
Belligerents Initiation Date Termination Date
Congo (Zaire) and Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo 1996 / 10 / 24 1997 / 5 / 16 View
UNITA and Uganda 1996 1997 View
Interahamwe and Rwanda 1996 1997 View
Congo (Zaire) and Burundi 1996 1997 View
Congo (Zaire) and Angola 1996 1997 View

Related Conflicts

No Releted Conflicts