Linked to the National Patriotic Front of Liberia (NPFL), a rebel movement known as the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) sought to overthow the republican government of Sierra Leone in West Africa, launching attacks from bases in neighboring Liberia in 1991. An interstate border war ensued as well between Liberian rebels under Charles Taylor (1948-) and Sierra Leonean troops. Territory seized by RUF guerrillas near Pugehun in southern Sierra Leone was later (1994) recaptured by government troops The guerrillas continued their attacks, killing over 50 civilians at Telu, razing villages near Bo, and bringing retaliatory attacks on them near Kenema (August 1994). Thousands of Sierra Leoneans fled to safety in neighboring Guinea. In 1995, President Valentine E.M. Strasser (1966-)... vainly sought a peace agreement with the RUF. [In 1996] Ahmed Tejan Kabbah (1932-) won the presidency in democratic elections... Kabbah negotiated and signed a short-lived peace settlement with the RUF (November 1996); at least 10,000 persons had been killed and over a million others left homeless in five years of civil war.