Gulf War 1990-1991

[ 1990 - 1991 ]

The Gulf War (2 August 1990 – 28 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (2 August 1990 – 17 January 1991), for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm (17 January 1991 – 28 February 1991) in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 34 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.

The war is also known under other names, such as the Persian Gulf War, First Gulf War, Gulf War I, Kuwait War, First Iraq War, or Iraq War before the term "Iraq War" became identified instead with the 2003 Iraq War (also referred to in the U.S. as "Operation Iraqi Freedom"). The Iraqi Army's occupation of Kuwait that began 2 August 1990 was met with international condemnation, and brought immediate economic sanctions against Iraq by members of the U.N. Security Council. U.S. President George H. W. Bush deployed U.S. forces into Saudi Arabia, and urged other countries to send their own forces to the scene. An array of nations joined the Coalition, the largest military alliance since World War II. The great majority of the Coalition's military forces were from the U.S., with Saudi Arabia, the United Kingdom and Egypt as leading contributors, in that order. Saudi Arabia paid around US$36 billion of the US$60 billion cost.

The war was marked by the introduction of live news broadcasts from the front lines of the battle, principally by the U.S. network CNN. The war has also earned the nickname Video Game War after the daily broadcast of images from cameras on board U.S. bombers during Operation Desert Storm.

The initial conflict to expel Iraqi troops from Kuwait began with an aerial and naval bombardment on 17 January 1991, continuing for five weeks. This was followed by a ground assault on 24 February. This was a decisive victory for the Coalition forces, who liberated Kuwait and advanced into Iraqi territory. The Coalition ceased its advance, and declared a cease-fire 100 hours after the ground campaign started. Aerial and ground combat was confined to Iraq, Kuwait, and areas on Saudi Arabia's border. Iraq launched Scud missiles against Coalition military targets in Saudi Arabia and against Israel.

Total Casualties 110000 Killed and Wounded
Casualties Killed 35000 / Wounded
Military Casualties Killed 35000 /Wounded 75000
Civilian Casualties Killed / Wounded
Note
Belligerents Initiation Date Termination Date
Iraq and Kuwait 1990 1991 View
Iraq and United States of America 1990 1991 View
Iraq and Saudi Arabia 1990 1991 View
Iraq and United Kingdom - UK (Great Britain) 1990 1991 View
Iraq and France 1990 1991 View
Iraq and Egypt 1990 1991 View
Iraq and Syria 1990 1991 View
Iraq and Morocco 1990 1991 View
Iraq and Oman (Muscat) 1990 1991 View
Iraq and Pakistan 1990 1991 View
Iraq and Canada 1990 1991 View
Iraq and United Arab Emirates 1990 1991 View
Iraq and Qatar 1990 1991 View
Iraq and Bangladesh 1990 1991 View
Iraq and Italy 1990 1991 View
Iraq and Australia 1990 1991 View
Iraq and Netherlands 1990 1991 View
Iraq and Niger 1990 1991 View
Iraq and Sweden 1990 1991 View
Iraq and Argentina 1990 1991 View
Iraq and Senegal 1990 1991 View
Iraq and Spain 1990 1991 View
Iraq and Belgium 1990 1991 View
Iraq and Sierra Leone 1990 1991 View
Iraq and Poland 1990 1991 View
Iraq and Philippines 1990 1991 View
Iraq and South Korea 1990 1991 View
Iraq and Czechoslovakia 1990 1991 View
Iraq and Greece 1990 1991 View
Iraq and Turkey (Ottoman Empire) 1990 1991 View
Iraq and Denmark 1990 1991 View
Iraq and New Zealand 1990 1991 View
Iraq and Hungary 1990 1991 View
Iraq and Norway 1990 1991 View
Iraq and Afghanistan 1990 1991 View
Weapon Name Weapon Class Weapon Class Type
T-72 Vehicle Armoured Fighting Vehicle
T-54 Vehicle Armoured Fighting Vehicle
Type 59 Vehicle Armoured Fighting Vehicle
Type 69-II Vehicle Armoured Fighting Vehicle
T-62 Vehicle Armoured Fighting Vehicle
Type 63-III Vehicle Armoured Fighting Vehicle
BGM-109 Tomahawk Missile Surface to Surface
Douglas A-4 Skyhawk Aircraft Attack
M-84 Vehicle Armoured Fighting Vehicle
McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle Aircraft Fighter
Bell 214ST Aircraft Helicopter
Lockheed AC-130 Spectre/Spooky Aircraft Fighter
General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon Aircraft Fighter
EE-9 Cascavel Vehicle Armoured Fighting Vehicle
EE-11 Urutu Vehicle Armoured Fighting Vehicle
AMX-10P Vehicle Infantry Combat Vehicle
Chieftain tank Vehicle Armoured Fighting Vehicle
FV101 Scorpion Vehicle Armoured Fighting Vehicle
M60 Patton Vehicle Self-Propelled artillery
M1 Abrams Vehicle Armoured Fighting Vehicle
M163 VADS Vehicle Self-Propelled artillery
M2 Bradley Vehicle Infantry Combat Vehicle
Assault Amphibious Vehicle Vehicle Armoured Fighting Vehicle
M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System Vehicle Self-Propelled artillery
ZSU-23-4 Vehicle Self-Propelled artillery
M728 Combat Engineer Vehicle Vehicle Utility
Desert Patrol Vehicle Vehicle Infantry Combat Vehicle
M102 howitzer Vehicle Towed Artillery
G5 howitzer Vehicle Towed Artillery
GC-45 howitzer Vehicle Towed Artillery
TRF1 Vehicle Towed Artillery
Bofors 40 mm gun Vehicle Towed Artillery
AZP S-60 Vehicle Towed Artillery
M224 mortar Manportable Mortars
16"/50 caliber Mark 7 gun Vehicle Towed Artillery
R-40 (missile) Missile Air to Air
AGM-84E Standoff Land Attack Missile Missile Air to Surface
9M14 Malyutka Missile Air to Surface
Daewoo Precision Industries K2 Manportable Rifles
Dragunov sniper rifle Manportable Rifles
M61 Vulcan Manportable Machine Guns
Welrod Manportable Handguns
Zastava M70 Manportable Rifles
M3 submachine gun Manportable Machine Guns
High Standard HDM Manportable Handguns
FB PM-63 Manportable Machine Guns
RPD Manportable Machine Guns
Sterling submachine gun Manportable Machine Guns
M25 Sniper Weapon System Manportable Rifles
NSV machine gun Manportable Machine Guns
AA-52 machine gun Manportable Machine Guns
FN MAG Manportable Machine Guns
M240 machine gun Manportable Machine Guns
PSL (rifle) Manportable Rifles
Tabuk Sniper Rifle Manportable Rifles
L42A1 Manportable Rifles
Ka-Bar Manportable Knives
Colt Mk 12 cannon Manportable Machine Guns
M18 Claymore mine Manportable Mines

Related Conflicts

No Releted Conflicts