The ethnic conflict in Nagaland, in northeastern India, is an ongoing conflict fought between the ethnic Nagas and Tangkhuls in the area, complicated by the support of some for rebel groups seeking independence for the state. It is located near Myanmar, where rebels regularly take cover.
The Tangkhuls wanted to defeat or drive away the Kukis, a Kuki people living in the Ukhrul district of Manipur, and having close links with other Naga tribes in Nagaland. The various groups involved in this conflict include several rebel groups, the "National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Isak-Muivah)," which purportedly wants a Christian religious state; the "National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Khaplang)", which wants an independent "greater Nagaland" to include territory now in Myanmar, based on ethnicity; and the "Naga National Council (Adino)".
The first insurgencies occurred in the early 1950s. They subsided gradually or were repressed in the early 1980s. In 1993, violence erupted again between the Nagas and the Kukis.
At least 34,000 died in the conflict between 1954 and 1975.