Second Congo War 1998-2003

[ 1998 - 2003 ]

The Second Congo War (also known as the Great War of Africa or the Great African War) began in August 1998, little more than a year after the First Congo War and involving some of the same issues, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and officially ended in July 2003 when the Transitional Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo took power. However, hostilities have continued since then in the ongoing Lord's Resistance Army insurgency, and the Kivu and Ituri conflicts.

The deadliest war in modern African history, it has directly involved nine African countries, as well as about 20 armed groups. By 2008, the war and its aftermath had killed 5.4 million people, mostly from disease and starvation, making the Second Congo War the deadliest conflict worldwide since World War II. Millions more were displaced from their homes or sought asylum in neighbouring countries.

Despite a formal end to the war in July 2003 and an agreement by the former belligerents to create a government of national unity, 1,000 people died daily in 2004 from easily preventable cases of malnutrition and disease. The war and the conflicts afterwards, including the Kivu and Ituri conflicts, were driven by, among other things, the trade in conflict minerals.

Belligerents Initiation Date Termination Date
Congo (Zaire) and Uganda 1998 / 8 / 2 2003 / 7 / 18 View
Angola and Rwanda 1998 2003 View
Chad and Burundi 1998 2003 View
Namibia and UNITA 1998 2003 View
Zimbabwe (Rhodesia) and Union of Congolese Patriots 1998 2003 View
Lord's Resistance Army and Forces for Renewal 1998 2003 View
Sudan and Movement for the Liberation of the Congo (MLC) 1998 2003 View
Allied Democratic Forces and Banyamulenge 1998 2003 View
Uganda National Rescue Front (UNRF) and Rally for Congolese Democracy–Goma (RCD-Goma) 1998 2003 View
Nationalist and Integrationist Front (FNI) and Rally for Congolese Democracy (RCD) 1998 2003 View
Mai-Mai and Rally for Congolese Democracy (RCD) 1998 2003 View
Interahamwe and Rally for Congolese Democracy–Goma (RCD-Goma) 1998 2003 View
Republican Rally for Democracy in Rwanda (RDR) and Banyamulenge 1998 2003 View
Weapon Name Weapon Class Weapon Class Type
EE-9 Cascavel Vehicle Armoured Fighting Vehicle
Eland Mk7 Vehicle Armoured Fighting Vehicle
PK machine gun Manportable Machine Guns

Related Conflicts

No Releted Conflicts