M23 rebellion 2012 - 2013

[ 2012 - 2013 ]

The M23 rebellion was fighting that occurred between the March 23 Movement and the government in North Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) since the formal end of the Second Congo War in 2003.

In April 2012, former National Congress for the Defence of the People (CNDP) soldiers mutinied against the DRC government supported by the peacekeeping contingent of the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO). Mutineers formed a rebel group called the March 23 Movement (M23), also known as the Congolese Revolutionary Army, composed of former members of the rebel CNDP, allegedly sponsored by the government of the neighbouring state of Rwanda.

On 20 November, M23 rebels took control of Goma, a provincial capital with a population of one million people. By the end of November, the conflict has forced more than 140,000 people to flee their homes, according to the U.N. refugee agency, on top of those already forced from their homes by previous rounds of fighting in the region. After repelling an ill-organized government counterattack and making some further gains, M23 agreed to withdraw from Goma on their own and left the city in early December.

On 24 February 2013, eleven African nations signed an agreement designed to bring peace to the region. In October, Congo told the UN that the movement was virtually finished after being pushed back to a small area near Rwanda. On 7 November 2013, following significant defeats to a government offensive, M23 surrendered.

Total Casualties 744 Killed and Wounded
Casualties Killed 391 / Wounded
Military Casualties Killed 391 /Wounded 353
Civilian Casualties Killed / Wounded
Note
Belligerents Initiation Date Termination Date
March 23 Movement and Congo (Zaire) 2012 / 4 / 4 2013 / 11 / 7 View
Rwanda and MONUSCO 2012 / 4 / 4 2013 / 11 / 7 View
Uganda and South Africa 2012 / 4 / 4 2013 / 11 / 7 View
March 23 Movement and Tanzania 2012 / 4 / 4 2013 / 11 / 7 View
Rwanda and Malawi 2012 / 4 / 4 2013 / 11 / 7 View

Related Conflicts

No Releted Conflicts