The Libyan Civil War is an ongoing conflict between Islamist forces and forces aligned with the elected Libyan parliament.
At the beginning of 2014, Libya was governed by the General National Congress (GNC). Islamists had controlled the assembly since having Nouri Abusahmain elected president of the GNC in June 2013. He abused his powers to suppress debates and inquiries. The GNC voted to enforce sharia law in December 2013 and failed to stand down at the end of its electoral mandate in January 2014, unilaterally extending its power. On 14 February 2014, General Khalifa Haftar ordered the GNC to dissolve and called for the formation of a caretaker government committee to oversee new elections. The GNC ignored his demands.
The conflict began two months later, on 16 May 2014, when forces loyal to General Haftar launched a large scale air and ground offensive codenamed Operation Dignity ('Amaliya al-Karamah) against Islamist armed groups in Benghazi. Two days later, Haftar's forces tried to dissolve the General National Congress (GNC) in Tripoli. The conflict prevented the GNC from blocking new elections on 25 June 2014. These elections appointed the Council of Deputies to replace the GNC. In these elections, Islamists suffered an overwhelming electoral defeat. All support for the Islamist faction is necessarily united by rejection of the results of the elections.
The conflict escalated on 13 July when Islamists, reacting to the landslide electoral defeat of Islamist politicians, launched Operation Libya Dawn to seize Tripoli International Airport, finally capturing it on 23 August after forty-one days of fighting.
On 25 August, former members of the GNC who were not re-elected in 2014 reconvened and voted that they would replace the newly elected Council of Deputies.
In October 2014, Derna was taken over by ISIL militants.
On 6 November, the supreme court in Tripoli, controlled by the Islamists, declared the Council of Deputies dissolved. The Council of Deputies rejected this ruling as made "under threat" and remains the internationally recognized elected parliament.
On 16 January 2015, a ceasefire was agreed between Operation Dignity and Libya Dawn factions.