Eritrea (eritrea)

After independence from Italian colonial control in 1941 and 10 years of British administrative control, the UN established Eritrea as an autonomous region within the Ethiopian federation in 1952. Ethiopia's full annexation of Eritrea as a province 10 years later sparked a violent 30-year struggle for independence that ended in 1991 with Eritrean rebels defeating government forces. Eritreans overwhelmingly approved independence in a 1993 referendum. ISAIAS Afworki has been Eritrea's only president since independence; his rule, particularly since 2001, has been highly autocratic and repressive. His government has created a highly militarized society by pursuing an unpopular program of mandatory conscription into national service, sometimes of indefinite length. A two-and-a-half-year border war with Ethiopia that erupted in 1998 ended under UN auspices in December 2000. A UN peacekeeping operation was established that monitored a 25 km-wide Temporary Security Zone. The Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission (EEBC) created in April 2003 was tasked "to delimit and demarcate the colonial treaty border based on pertinent colonial treaties (1900, 1902, and 1908) and applicable international law." The EEBC on 30 November 2007 remotely demarcated the border, assigning the town of Badme to Eritrea, despite Ethiopia's maintaining forces there from the time of the 1998-2000 war. Eritrea insisted that the UN terminate its peacekeeping mission on 31 July 2008. Eritrea has accepted the EEBC's "virtual demarcation" decision and repeatedly called on Ethiopia to remove its troops. Ethiopia has not accepted the demarcation decision, and neither party has entered into meaningful dialogue to resolve the impasse. Eritrea is subject to several UN Security Council Resolutions (from 2009, 2011, and 2012) imposing various military and economic sanctions, in view of evidence that it has supported armed opposition groups in the region.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 101000.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 201750
Military Expenditure 2,520,000,000 (Nakfa (ERN))
Population 6333135
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Djiboutian–Eritrean border conflict 2008 2008 2008 unknown unknown
Ethiopian-Eritrean Border War 1999-Present 1999 ongoing unknown unknown
Ethiopian-Eritrean Border War 1998 1998 1998 unknown unknown
Eritrean–Ethiopian War 1998-2000 1998 2000 unknown unknown
Second Afar insurgency 1995 1995 ongoing unknown unknown
Eritrean War of Independence 1961-1993 1961 1993 130000 unknown
The Mahdist Invasion of Eritrea 1893 1893 1893 unknown unknown
«1»
Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 101000.00
2012 101000.00
2011 101000.00
2010 101000.00
2009 101000.00
2008 101000.00
2007 101000.00
2006 101000.00
2005 101000.00
2004 101000.00
2003 101000.00
2002 101000.00
2001 101000.00
2000 101000.00
1999 101000.00
1998 101000.00
1997 101000.00
1996 101000.00
1995 101000.00
1994 101000.00
1993 101000.00
1992 101000.00
1991 101000.00
1990 101000.00
1989 101000.00
1988 101000.00
1987 101000.00
1986 101000.00
1985 101000.00
1984 101000.00
1983 101000.00
1982 101000.00
1981 101000.00
1980 101000.00
    «1»
Date Military Personnel
2012 201750
2011 201750
2010 201750
2009 201750
2008 202000
2007 202000
2005 202000
2004 201000
2003 202000
2002 172200
2001 171900
2000 200000
1999 200000
1998 47100
1997 46000
1996 55000
1995 55000
1994 55000
1993 55000
    «1»
Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2003 2,520,000,000 (Nakfa (ERN)) 13.88 181556195.97
2002 2,104,000,000 (Nakfa (ERN)) 13.96 150716332.38
2001 1,884,000,000 (Nakfa (ERN)) 11.31 166578249.34
2000 2,220,000,000 (Nakfa (ERN)) 9.63 230529595.02
1999 2,225,000,000 (Nakfa (ERN)) 8.15 273006134.97
1998 1,936,000,000 (Nakfa (ERN)) 7.36 263043478.26
1997 634,000,000 (Nakfa (ERN)) 6.84 92690058.48
1996 968,000,000 (Nakfa (ERN)) 6.36 152201257.86
1995 771,000,000 (Nakfa (ERN)) 6.16 125162337.66
1994 439,000,000 (Nakfa (ERN)) 5.47 80255941.5
1993 539,000,000 (Nakfa (ERN)) 5 107800000
    «1»
Date Population
2013 6333135
2012 6130922
2011 5932852
2010 5741159
2009 5557889
2008 5382163
2007 5209846
2006 5035036
2005 4854066
2004 4665522
2003 4472533
2002 4281576
2001 4101609
2000 3939348
1999 3795384
1998 3668350
1997 3560353
1996 3473399
1995 3407812
1994 3365933
1993 3344626
1992 3331918
1991 3311719
1990 3272563
1989 3209606
1988 3126100
1987 3028719
1986 2928032
1985 2831894
1984 2742004
1983 2656189
1982 2573931
1981 2493745
1980 2414647
    «1»