Kosovo

Kosovo is a partially recognised state in Southeastern Europe that declared its independence from Serbia in February 2008 as the Republic of Kosovo. While Serbia does recognise the Republic's governance of the territory, it still continues to claim it as its own Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija.

Kosovo is landlocked in the central Balkan Peninsula. Its capital and largest city is Pristina. It is bordered by the Republic of Macedonia and Albania to the south, Montenegro to the west, and the uncontested territory of Serbia to the north and east. In antiquity, the Dardanian Kingdom, and later the Roman province of Dardania was located in the region. It was part of Serbia in the Middle Ages, and many consider the Battle of Kosovo of 1389 to be one of the defining moments in Serbian medieval history. After being part of the Ottoman Empire from the 15th to the early 20th century, in the late 19th century Kosovo became the centre of the Albanian independence movement with the League of Prizren. As a result of the Ottomans' defeat in the First Balkan War (1912–13), it was incorporated into the Kingdom of Serbia. After a period of Yugoslav unitarianism in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, the post-World War II Yugoslav constitution established the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija within the Yugoslav constituent republic of Serbia.

Long-term severe ethnic tensions between Kosovo's Albanian and Serb populations left Kosovo ethnically divided, resulting in inter-ethnic violence, including the Kosovo War of 1998–9. The war ended with a military intervention of NATO, which forced the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to withdraw its troops from Kosovo, which became a UN protectorate under UNSCR 1244. On 17 February 2008 Kosovo's Parliament declared independence. It has since gained diplomatic recognition as a sovereign state by 108 UN member states. Serbia refuses to recognise Kosovo as a state, although with the Brussels Agreement of 2013 it has accepted the legitimacy of Kosovo institutions and its special status within Serbia. The agreement solidified that public institutions in Kosovo are exclusively operated by Kosovo's elected government, and not Serbia's.

Kosovo is not a member of the United Nations due to its lack of diplomatic recognition from several countries. It is, however, a member of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank, International Road and Transport Union (IRU), Regional Cooperation Council, Council of Europe Development Bank, Venice Commission and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. Within the European Union, 23 of 28 members have recognised the Republic; Cyprus, Greece, Romania, Slovakia, and Spain have not.

Details
Formation Date 2008-2-17
Territory 10887.00 (Sq. Km)
Population 1824000
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
North Kosovo Crisis 2011-2013 2011 2013 4 238
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2014 10887.00
2013 10887.00
2012 10887.00
2011 10887.00
2010 10887.00
2009 10887.00
2008 10887.00
2007 10887.00
2006 10887.00
2005 10887.00
2004 10887.00
2003 10887.00
2002 10887.00
2001 10887.00
2000 10887.00
1999 10887.00
1998 10887.00
1997 10887.00
1996 10887.00
1995 10887.00
1994 10887.00
1993 10887.00
1992 10887.00
1991 10887.00
1990 10887.00
1989 10887.00
1988 10887.00
1987 10887.00
1986 10887.00
1985 10887.00
1984 10887.00
1983 10887.00
1982 10887.00
1981 10887.00
1980 10887.00
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Date Military Personnel
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
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Date Population
2013 1824000
2012 1807106
2011 1790957
2010 1775680
2009 1761474
2008 1747383
2007 1733404
2006 1719536
2005 1705780
2004 1704622
2003 1703466
2002 1702310
2001 1701154
2000 1700000
1999 1762000
1998 1966000
1997 2086000
1996 2059000
1995 2029000
1994 1997000
1993 1965000
1992 1932000
1991 1898000
1990 1862000
1989 1827000
1988 1791000
1987 1753000
1986 1717000
1985 1682000
1984 1647000
1983 1614000
1982 1582000
1981 1552000
1980 1521000
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