Afghanistan (AFG)

Ahmad Shah DURRANI unified the Pashtun tribes and founded Afghanistan in 1747. The country served as a buffer between the British and Russian Empires until it won independence from notional British control in 1919. A brief experiment in democracy ended in a 1973 coup and a 1978 communist counter-coup. The Soviet Union invaded in 1979 to support the tottering Afghan communist regime, touching off a long and destructive war. The USSR withdrew in 1989 under relentless pressure by internationally supported anti-communist mujahedin rebels. A series of subsequent civil wars saw Kabul finally fall in 1996 to the Taliban, a hardline Pakistani-sponsored movement that emerged in 1994 to end the country's civil war and anarchy. Following the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks, a US, Allied, and anti-Taliban Northern Alliance military action toppled the Taliban for sheltering Osama BIN LADIN. The UN-sponsored Bonn Conference in 2001 established a process for political reconstruction that included the adoption of a new constitution, a presidential election in 2004, and National Assembly elections in 2005. In December 2004, Hamid KARZAI became the first democratically elected president of Afghanistan and the National Assembly was inaugurated the following December. KARZAI was re-elected in August 2009 for a second term. Despite gains toward building a stable central government, a resurgent Taliban and continuing provincial instability - particularly in the south and the east - remain serious challenges for the Afghan Government.

Details
Formation Date 1500
Territory 652860.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 338150
Military Expenditure 71,598,000,000 (Afghanis (AFA))
Population 30551674
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Civil war in Afghanistan 1996–2001 1996 2001 unknown unknown
Civil war in Afghanistan 1992–1996 1992 1996 unknown unknown
Civil war in Tajikistan 1992-1997 1992 1997 unknown unknown
Gulf War 1990-1991 1990 1991 unknown unknown
Amin's Coup: Afghanistan 1979 1979 1979 unknown unknown
Soviet Intervention in Afghanistan 1979-1988 1979 1988 unknown unknown
US Ambassador Incident: Afghanistan 1979 1979 1979 unknown unknown
Saur (April) Revolution in Afghanistan 1978 1978 1978 unknown unknown
Afghan Republican Coup 1973 1973 1973 unknown unknown
Afghan Civil War 1928-1929 1928 1929 100 unknown
Assassination of Habibullah in Afghanistan 1919 1919 1919 unknown unknown
Third Anglo-Afghan War 1919 1919 1919 1236 unknown
Afghan Revolution 1818-1826 1918 1926 unknown unknown
Russo-Afghan War 1885 1885 1885 unknown unknown
Second Anglo-Afghan War 1878-1880 1878 1880 unknown unknown
First Anglo-Afghan War 1839-1842 1839 1942 unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 652860.00
2012 652860.00
2011 652230.00
2010 652230.00
2009 652230.00
2008 652230.00
2007 652230.00
2006 652230.00
2005 652230.00
2004 652230.00
2003 652230.00
2002 652230.00
2001 652860.00
2000 652860.00
1999 652860.00
1998 652860.00
1997 652860.00
1996 652860.00
1995 652860.00
1994 652860.00
1993 652860.00
1992 652860.00
1991 652860.00
1990 652860.00
1989 652860.00
1988 652860.00
1987 652860.00
1986 652860.00
1985 652860.00
1984 652860.00
1983 652860.00
1982 652860.00
1981 652860.00
1980 652860.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 338150
2011 340350
2010 306800
2009 255745
2008 94000
2007 51000
2006 51000
2005 27000
2004 27000
2003 130000
2002 120000
2000 400000
1999 400000
1998 400000
1997 429000
1995 383000
1994 45000
1993 45000
1992 45000
1991 45000
1990 58000
1989 55000
1985 47000
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 71,598,000,000 (Afghanis (AFA)) 55.38 1292849404.12
2012 37,683,000,000 (Afghanis (AFA)) 50.92 740043205.03
2011 40,989,000,000 (Afghanis (AFA)) 46.75 876770053.48
2010 26,773,000,000 (Afghanis (AFA)) 46.45 576383207.75
2009 12,564,000,000 (Afghanis (AFA)) 50.33 249632425.99
2008 11,477,000,000 (Afghanis (AFA)) 50.25 228398009.95
2007 10,648,000,000 (Afghanis (AFA)) 49.96 213130504.4
2006 6,223,000,000 (Afghanis (AFA)) 49.93 124634488.28
2005 5,521,000,000 (Afghanis (AFA)) 49.49 111557890.48
2004 5,440,000,000 (Afghanis (AFA)) 47.85 113688610.24
2003 5,622,000,000 (Afghanis (AFA)) 48.76 115299425.76
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Date Population
2013 30551674
2012 29824536
2011 29105480
2010 28397812
2009 27708187
2008 27032197
2007 26349243
2006 25631282
2005 24860855
2004 24018682
2001 21347782
2000 20595360
1999 19987071
1998 19493836
1997 19021226
1996 18415307
1995 17586073
1994 16485018
1993 15175325
1992 13811876
1991 12612043
1990 11731193
1989 11215323
1988 11330345
1987 11063107
1986 11262439
1985 11528977
1984 11854205
1983 12241928
1982 12634494
1981 12963788
1980 13180431
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