Algeria (algeria)

After more than a century of rule by France, Algerians fought through much of the 1950s to achieve independence in 1962. Algeria's primary political party, the National Liberation Front (FLN), was established in 1954 as part of the struggle for independence and has largely dominated politics since. The Government of Algeria in 1988 instituted a multi-party system in response to public unrest, but the surprising first round success of the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) in the December 1991 balloting led the Algerian army to intervene and postpone the second round of elections to prevent what the secular elite feared would be an extremist-led government from assuming power. The army began a crackdown on the FIS that spurred FIS supporters to begin attacking government targets. Fighting escalated into an insurgency, which saw intense violence from 1992-98, resulting in over 100,000 deaths - many attributed to indiscriminate massacres of villagers by extremists. The government gained the upper hand by the late-1990s, and FIS's armed wing, the Islamic Salvation Army, disbanded in January 2000. Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA, with the backing of the military, won the presidency in 1999 in an election widely viewed as fraudulent. He was re-elected to a second term in 2004 and overwhelmingly won a third term in 2009, after the government amended the constitution in 2008 to remove presidential term limits. Longstanding problems continue to face BOUTEFLIKA, including large-scale unemployment, a shortage of housing, unreliable electrical and water supplies, government inefficiencies and corruption, and the continuing activities of extremist militants. The Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC) in 2006 merged with al-Qa'ida to form al-Qa'ida in the Lands of the Islamic Maghreb, which has launched an ongoing series of kidnappings and bombings targeting the Algerian Government and Western interests. The government in 2011 introduced some political reforms in response to the Arab Spring, including lifting the 19-year-old state of emergency restrictions and increasing women's quotas for elected assemblies. Parliamentary elections in May 2012 and municipal and provincial elections in November 2012 saw continued dominance by the FLN, with Islamist opposition parties performing poorly. Political protest activity in the country remained low in 2013, but small, sometimes violent socio-economic demonstrations by disparate groups continued to be a common occurrence. Parliament in 2014 is expected to revise the constitution.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 2381740.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 317200
Military Expenditure 826,000,000,000 (Algerian dinars (DZD))
Population 39208194
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Operation Enduring Freedom – Trans Sahara 2007 2007 ongoing unknown unknown
Algerian Civil War 1992-Present 1992 ongoing unknown unknown
Algerian Civil War 1991-2002 1991 2002 unknown unknown
"Black October" Riots in Algeria 1988 1988 1988 unknown unknown
Islamist Suppression in Algeria 1982 1982 1982 unknown unknown
The Sahara War 1975-1991 1976 1976 unknown unknown
Algerian-Moroccan Border Clashes 1967-76 1967 1976 unknown unknown
Algerian-Moroccan War 1963 1963 1963 unknown unknown
Colon Revolt in Algeria 1960 1960 1960 unknown unknown
The French Army Revolt in Algeria 1960 1960 1960 unknown unknown
Algerian War of Independence 1954-1962 1954 1962 unknown unknown
May Day Demonstrations: Algeria 1945 1945 1945 unknown unknown
Setif Demonstration in Algeria 1945 1945 1945 unknown unknown
Kabyle Revolt in Algeria 1871-1872 1871 1872 unknown unknown
French Blockade of Algiers 1827-1829 1827 1829 unknown unknown
American-Algerine War 1815 1815 1815 unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 2381740.00
2012 2381740.00
2011 2381740.00
2010 2381740.00
2009 2381740.00
2008 2381740.00
2007 2381740.00
2006 2381740.00
2005 2381740.00
2004 2381740.00
2003 2381740.00
2002 2381740.00
2001 2381740.00
2000 2381740.00
1999 2381740.00
1998 2381740.00
1997 2381740.00
1996 2381740.00
1995 2381740.00
1994 2381740.00
1993 2381740.00
1992 2381740.00
1991 2381740.00
1990 2381740.00
1989 2381740.00
1988 2381740.00
1987 2381740.00
1986 2381740.00
1985 2381740.00
1984 2381740.00
1983 2381740.00
1982 2381740.00
1981 2381740.00
1980 2381740.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 317200
2011 317200
2010 317200
2009 334200
2008 334000
2007 334000
2006 334000
2005 319000
2004 318000
2003 308700
2002 317900
2001 305200
2000 305200
1999 303200
1998 268200
1997 270200
1996 164900
1995 162900
1994 126000
1993 126000
1992 126000
1991 126000
1990 126000
1989 126000
1985 170000
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 826,000,000,000 (Algerian dinars (DZD)) 79.37 10406954768.8
2012 723,000,000,000 (Algerian dinars (DZD)) 77.54 9324219757.54
2011 631,000,000,000 (Algerian dinars (DZD)) 72.94 8650945983
2010 422,000,000,000 (Algerian dinars (DZD)) 74.39 5672805484.61
2009 384,000,000,000 (Algerian dinars (DZD)) 72.65 5285615966.96
2008 334,000,000,000 (Algerian dinars (DZD)) 64.58 5171879838.96
2007 273,000,000,000 (Algerian dinars (DZD)) 69.29 3939962476.55
2006 225,000,000,000 (Algerian dinars (DZD)) 72.65 3097040605.64
2005 214,000,000,000 (Algerian dinars (DZD)) 73.28 2920305676.86
2004 202,000,000,000 (Algerian dinars (DZD)) 72.06 2803219539.27
2003 171,000,000,000 (Algerian dinars (DZD)) 77.39 2209587802.04
2002 167,000,000,000 (Algerian dinars (DZD)) 79.68 2095883534.14
2001 162,000,000,000 (Algerian dinars (DZD)) 77.22 2097902097.9
2000 142,000,000,000 (Algerian dinars (DZD)) 75.26 1886792452.83
1999 122,000,000,000 (Algerian dinars (DZD)) 66.57 1832657353.16
1998 112,000,000,000 (Algerian dinars (DZD)) 58.74 1906707524.69
1997 101,000,000,000 (Algerian dinars (DZD)) 57.71 1750129960.15
1996 79,500,000,000 (Algerian dinars (DZD)) 54.75 1452054794.52
1995 58,800,000,000 (Algerian dinars (DZD)) 47.66 1233738984.47
1994 46,800,000,000 (Algerian dinars (DZD)) 35.06 1334854535.08
1993 29,800,000,000 (Algerian dinars (DZD)) 23.35 1276231263.38
1992 23,000,000,000 (Algerian dinars (DZD)) 21.84 1053113553.11
1991 10,400,000,000 (Algerian dinars (DZD)) 18.47 563075257.17
1990 8,100,000,000 (Algerian dinars (DZD)) 8.96 904017857.14
1989 6,500,000,000 (Algerian dinars (DZD)) 7.61 854139290.41
1988 6,100,000,000 (Algerian dinars (DZD)) 5.91 1032148900.17
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Date Population
2013 39208194
2011 37762962
2010 37062820
2009 36383302
2008 35725377
2007 35097043
2006 34507214
2005 33960903
2004 33461345
2003 33003442
2002 32572977
2001 32150198
2000 31719449
1999 31276295
1998 30820435
1997 30345466
1996 29845208
1995 29315463
1994 28752749
1993 28157560
1992 27535151
1991 26893663
1990 26239708
1989 25576596
1988 24904931
1987 24225748
1986 23539383
1985 22847437
1984 22150483
1983 21453278
1982 20766568
1981 20103931
1980 19475204
1912 38481705
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