Armenia (armenia)

Armenia prides itself on being the first nation to formally adopt Christianity (early 4th century). Despite periods of autonomy, over the centuries Armenia came under the sway of various empires including the Roman, Byzantine, Arab, Persian, and Ottoman. During World War I in the western portion of Armenia, Ottoman Turkey instituted a policy of forced resettlement coupled with other harsh practices that resulted in at least 1 million Armenian deaths. The eastern area of Armenia was ceded by the Ottomans to Russia in 1828; this portion declared its independence in 1918, but was conquered by the Soviet Red Army in 1920. Armenian leaders remain preoccupied by the long conflict with Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh, a primarily Armenian-populated region, assigned to Soviet Azerbaijan in the 1920s by Moscow. Armenia and Azerbaijan began fighting over the area in 1988; the struggle escalated after both countries attained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. By May 1994, when a cease-fire took hold, ethnic Armenian forces held not only Nagorno-Karabakh but also a significant portion of Azerbaijan proper. The economies of both sides have been hurt by their inability to make substantial progress toward a peaceful resolution. Turkey closed the common border with Armenia in 1993 in support of Azerbaijan in its conflict with Armenia over control of Nagorno-Karabakh and surrounding areas, further hampering Armenian economic growth. In 2009, senior Armenian leaders began pursuing rapprochement with Turkey, aiming to secure an opening of the border, but Turkey has not yet ratified the Protocols normalizing relations between the two countries. In September 2013, President SARGSIAN announced Armenia would join Russia, Belarus, and Kazakhstan as a member of the Eurasian Economic Union.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 28470.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 49100
Military Expenditure 175,000,000,000 (Drams (AMD))
Population 2976566
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Tajikistan Civil War 1992-1994 1992 1994 unknown unknown
Armenian-Azerbaijani Conflict 1988-1994 1988 1994 unknown unknown
Armenian Secession from the Ottoman Empire 1918-20 1918 1920 unknown unknown
Armenian Genocide: Ottoman Empire 1915-1917 1915 1917 unknown unknown
Young Turks Revolt in the Ottoman Empire 1908 1908 1908 unknown unknown
Armenian Massacre: Ottoman Empire 1895 1895 1895 unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2011 28480.00
1987 28480.00
1996 28470.00
1990 28480.00
2009 28480.00
1994 28470.00
2004 28480.00
2008 28480.00
1993 28470.00
2001 28470.00
1981 28480.00
2013 28470.00
2010 28480.00
1998 28470.00
1984 28480.00
1989 28480.00
2003 28480.00
1995 28470.00
1983 28480.00
2006 28480.00
1986 28480.00
1997 28470.00
2000 28470.00
1980 28480.00
2012 28470.00
1991 28480.00
1985 28480.00
2005 28480.00
1999 28470.00
1988 28480.00
2007 28480.00
1992 28470.00
2002 28480.00
1982 28480.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 49100
2011 55544
2010 55528
2009 55570
2008 42000
2007 42000
2006 47000
2005 49000
2004 49000
2003 45600
2002 45600
2001 43000
2000 42300
1999 54400
1998 54400
1997 61000
1996 58400
1995 61000
1994 45000
1993 21000
1992 20000
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 175,000,000,000 (Drams (AMD)) 109.63 1596278390.95
2012 153,000,000,000 (Drams (AMD)) 401.76 380824372.76
2011 146,000,000,000 (Drams (AMD)) 372.5 391946308.72
2010 148,000,000,000 (Drams (AMD)) 373.66 396081999.68
2009 131,000,000,000 (Drams (AMD)) 363.28 360603391.32
2008 121,000,000,000 (Drams (AMD)) 305.97 395463607.54
2007 95,800,000,000 (Drams (AMD)) 342.08 280051449.95
2006 78,300,000,000 (Drams (AMD)) 416.04 188203057.4
2005 64,400,000,000 (Drams (AMD)) 457.69 140706591.8
2004 52,300,000,000 (Drams (AMD)) 533.45 98041053.52
2003 44,300,000,000 (Drams (AMD)) 578.76 76542953.9
2002 36,800,000,000 (Drams (AMD)) 573.35 64184180.69
2001 36,800,000,000 (Drams (AMD)) 555.08 66296750.02
2000 36,700,000,000 (Drams (AMD)) 539.53 68022167.44
1999 36,500,000,000 (Drams (AMD)) 535.06 68216648.6
1998 33,700,000,000 (Drams (AMD)) 504.92 66743246.45
1997 31,400,000,000 (Drams (AMD)) 490.85 63970663.14
1996 21,700,000,000 (Drams (AMD)) 414.04 52410395.13
1995 21,200,000,000 (Drams (AMD)) 405.91 52228326.48
1993 89,500,000 (Drams (AMD)) 9.11 9824368.83
1992 6,500,000 (Drams (AMD)) Unknown Unknown
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Date Population
2013 2976566
2012 2969081
2011 2964120
2010 2963496
2009 2968154
2008 2977488
2007 2989882
2006 3002911
2005 3014917
2004 3025652
2003 3036032
2002 3047002
2001 3059960
2000 3076098
1999 3093820
1998 3112958
1997 3137652
1996 3173425
1995 3223173
1994 3289943
1993 3369673
1992 3449497
1991 3511912
1990 3544695
1989 3542720
1988 3510439
1987 3457054
1986 3396511
1985 3339147
1984 3287588
1983 3239212
1982 3192877
1981 3145885
1980 3096298
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