Australia (australia)

Prehistoric settlers arrived on the continent from South-east Asia at least 40,000 years before the first Europeans began exploration in the 17th century. No formal territorial claims were made until 1770, when Capt. James COOK took possession of the east coast in the name of Great Britain (all of Australia was claimed as British territory in 1829 with the creation of the colony of Western Australia). Six colonies were created in the late 18th and 19th centuries; they federated and became the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901. The new country took advantage of its natural resources to rapidly develop agricultural and manufacturing industries and to make a major contribution to the Allied effort in World Wars I and II. In recent decades, Australia has become an internationally competitive, advanced market economy due in large part to economic reforms adopted in the 1980s and its location in one of the fastest growing regions of the world economy. Long-term concerns include aging of the population, pressure on infrastructure, and environmental issues such as floods, droughts, and bushfires. Australia is the driest inhabited continent on earth, making it particularly vulnerable to the challenges of climate change. Australia is home to 10 per cent of the world's biodiversity, and a great number of its flora and fauna exist nowhere else in the world. In January 2013, Australia assumed a non-permanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2013-14 term.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 7682300.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 56200
Military Expenditure 24,826,000,000 (Australian dollars (AUD))
Population 23130900
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Iraqi Insurgency 2011 – Present 2011 ongoing 75957 unknown
Iraq War 2003-2011 2003 2011 unknown unknown
Operation Enduring Freedom – Horn of Africa 2002 2002 ongoing unknown unknown
East Timorese crisis 1999 1999 2000 unknown unknown
Gulf War 1990-1991 1990 1991 unknown unknown
Buddhist Rebellion in South Vietnam 1955-1960s 1955 1960 4477779 unknown
World War II 1939-1945 1939 1945 73000000 unknown
First Italo-Sanusi War 1914-1917 1914 1917 unknown unknown
Australian Rum Rebellion 1808 1808 1808 unknown unknown
Second Irish Convict Rebellion in Australia 1806 1806 1806 unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 7682300.00
2012 7682300.00
2011 7682300.00
2010 7682300.00
2009 7682300.00
2008 7682300.00
2007 7682300.00
2006 7682300.00
2005 7682300.00
2004 7682300.00
2003 7682300.00
2002 7682300.00
2001 7682300.00
2000 7682300.00
1999 7682300.00
1998 7682300.00
1997 7682300.00
1996 7682300.00
1995 7682300.00
1994 7682300.00
1993 7682300.00
1992 7682300.00
1991 7682300.00
1990 7682300.00
1989 7682300.00
1988 7682300.00
1987 7682300.00
1986 7682300.00
1985 7682300.00
1984 7682300.00
1983 7682300.00
1982 7682300.00
1981 7682300.00
1980 7682300.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 56200
2011 57050
2010 56552
2009 56552
2008 55000
2007 55000
2006 51000
2005 53000
2004 52000
2003 53600
2002 50900
2001 51700
2000 51600
1999 56200
1998 58400
1997 58400
1996 58800
1995 57100
1994 65000
1993 68000
1992 68000
1991 68000
1990 68000
1989 70000
1985 70400
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 24,826,000,000 (Australian dollars (AUD)) 1.04 23871153846.15
2012 25,269,000,000 (Australian dollars (AUD)) 0.97 26050515463.92
2011 25,785,000,000 (Australian dollars (AUD)) 0.97 26582474226.8
2010 25,311,000,000 (Australian dollars (AUD)) 1.09 23221100917.43
2009 24,311,000,000 (Australian dollars (AUD)) 1.28 18992968750
2008 22,214,000,000 (Australian dollars (AUD)) 1.19 18667226890.76
2007 20,539,000,000 (Australian dollars (AUD)) 1.2 17115833333.33
2006 18,910,000,000 (Australian dollars (AUD)) 1.33 14218045112.78
2005 17,335,000,000 (Australian dollars (AUD)) 1.31 13232824427.48
2004 16,311,000,000 (Australian dollars (AUD)) 1.36 11993382352.94
2003 15,873,000,000 (Australian dollars (AUD)) 1.54 10307142857.14
2002 14,739,000,000 (Australian dollars (AUD)) 1.84 8010326086.96
2001 14,514,000,000 (Australian dollars (AUD)) 1.93 7520207253.89
2000 12,721,000,000 (Australian dollars (AUD)) 1.72 7395930232.56
1999 12,371,000,000 (Australian dollars (AUD)) 1.55 7981290322.58
1998 11,716,000,000 (Australian dollars (AUD)) 1.59 7368553459.12
1997 10,912,000,000 (Australian dollars (AUD)) 1.35 8082962962.96
1996 10,476,000,000 (Australian dollars (AUD)) 1.28 8184375000
1995 10,488,000,000 (Australian dollars (AUD)) 1.35 7768888888.89
1994 10,195,000,000 (Australian dollars (AUD)) 1.37 7441605839.42
1993 10,211,000,000 (Australian dollars (AUD)) 1.47 6946258503.4
1992 9,594,000,000 (Australian dollars (AUD)) 1.36 7054411764.71
1991 9,148,000,000 (Australian dollars (AUD)) 1.28 7146875000
1990 8,885,000,000 (Australian dollars (AUD)) 1.28 6941406250
1989 8,292,000,000 (Australian dollars (AUD)) 1.26 6580952380.95
1988 7,642,000,000 (Australian dollars (AUD)) 1.28 5970312500
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Date Population
2013 23130900
2012 22723900
2011 22340000
2010 22031800
2009 21691700
2008 21249200
2007 20827600
2006 20697900
2005 20394800
2004 20127400
2003 19895400
2002 19651400
2001 19413000
2000 19153000
1999 18926000
1998 18711000
1997 18517000
1996 18311000
1995 18072000
1994 17855000
1993 17667000
1992 17495000
1991 17284000
1990 17065100
1989 16814400
1988 16532200
1987 16263900
1986 16018400
1985 15758000
1984 15544000
1983 15369000
1982 15178000
1981 14927000
1980 14692000
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