Ayutthaya Kingdom

Ayutthaya was a Siamese kingdom that existed from 1351 to 1767. Ayutthaya was friendly towards foreign traders, including the Chinese, Vietnamese (Annamese), Indians, Japanese and Persians, and later the Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch and French, permitting them to set up villages outside the walls of the capital, also called Ayutthaya.

In the sixteenth century, it was described by foreign traders as one of the biggest and wealthiest cities in the East. The court of King Narai (1656–88) had strong links with that of King Louis XIV of France, whose ambassadors compared the city in size and wealth to Paris.

By 1550, the kingdom's vassals included some city-states in the Malay Peninsula, Sukhothai, and parts of Cambodia.

In foreign accounts, Ayutthaya was called Siam, but many sources say the people of Ayutthaya called themselves Tai, and their kingdom Krung Tai, 'The Tai capital'. The word 'krung' has alternative meanings, as does 'tai', but in this context Tai capital is appropriate.

Formation Date 1351
Dissolution Date 1767
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Burmese–Siamese War 1765–1767 1765 1767 unknown unknown
Burmese–Siamese War 1759–1760 1759 1760 unknown unknown
Burmese–Siamese War 1594–1605 1594 1605 unknown unknown
Burmese–Siamese War 1547–1549 1547 1549 unknown unknown