Bhutan (bhutan)

In 1865, Britain and Bhutan signed the Treaty of Sinchulu, under which Bhutan would receive an annual subsidy in exchange for ceding some border land to British India. Under British influence, a monarchy was set up in 1907; three years later, a treaty was signed whereby the British agreed not to interfere in Bhutanese internal affairs, and Bhutan allowed Britain to direct its foreign affairs. This role was assumed by independent India after 1947. Two years later, a formal Indo-Bhutanese accord returned to Bhutan the areas annexed by the British, formalized the annual subsidies the country received, and defined India's responsibilities in defense and foreign relations. In March 2005, King Jigme Singye WANGCHUCK unveiled the government's draft constitution - which introduced major democratic reforms - and pledged to hold a national referendum for its approval. In December 2006, the King abdicated the throne in favour of his son, Jigme Khesar Namgyel WANGCHUCK, in order to give him experience as head of state before the democratic transition. In early 2007, India and Bhutan renegotiated their treaty, eliminating the clause that stated that Bhutan would be "guided by" India in conducting its foreign policy, although Thimphu continues to coordinate closely with New Delhi. Elections for seating the country's first parliament were completed in March 2008; the king ratified the country's first constitution in July 2008. Bhutan experienced a peaceful turnover of power following parliamentary elections in 2013, which routed the incumbent party. The disposition of some 30,000 Bhutanese refugees - housed in two UN refugee camps in Nepal - remains unresolved.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 38117.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 6000
Population 753947
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Anglo-Bhutanese War 1865 1965 1965 unknown unknown
Duar War 1864-1865 1864 ongoing unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 38117.00
2012 38117.00
2011 38394.00
2010 38394.00
2009 38394.00
2008 38394.00
2007 38394.00
2006 38394.00
2005 38394.00
2004 38394.00
2003 40077.00
2002 40077.00
2001 39800.00
2000 39800.00
1999 39800.00
1998 39800.00
1997 39800.00
1996 39800.00
1995 39800.00
1994 39800.00
1993 46723.00
1992 46723.00
1991 46723.00
1990 46723.00
1989 46723.00
1988 46723.00
1987 46723.00
1986 46723.00
1985 46723.00
1984 46723.00
1983 46723.00
1982 46723.00
1981 46723.00
1980 46723.00
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Date Military Personnel
2000 6000
1999 7000
1998 7000
1997 6000
1996 5000
1995 4000
1994 5000
1993 5000
1992 5000
1985 3000
    «1»
Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
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Date Population
2013 753947
2012 741822
2011 729429
2010 716939
2009 704542
2008 692159
2007 679365
2006 665568
2005 650417
2004 633893
2003 616383
2002 598455
2001 580888
2000 564350
1999 548599
1998 533737
1997 521146
1996 512594
1995 509105
1994 511588
1993 519056
1992 528304
1991 534905
1990 535738
1989 529519
1988 517306
1987 501192
1986 484390
1985 469244
1984 456362
1983 445008
1982 434592
1981 424082
1980 412745
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