Bosnia-Herzegovina ( bosnia)

Bosnia and Herzegovina declared sovereignty in October 1991 and independence from the former Yugoslavia on 3 March 1992 after a referendum boycotted by ethnic Serbs. The Bosnian Serbs - supported by neighboring Serbia and Montenegro - responded with armed resistance aimed at partitioning the republic along ethnic lines and joining Serb-held areas to form a "Greater Serbia." In March 1994, Bosniaks and Croats reduced the number of warring factions from three to two by signing an agreement creating a joint Bosniak/Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. On 21 November 1995, in Dayton, Ohio, the warring parties initialed a peace agreement that ended three years of interethnic civil strife (the final agreement was signed in Paris on 14 December 1995). The Dayton Peace Accords retained Bosnia and Herzegovina's international boundaries and created a multi-ethnic and democratic government charged with conducting foreign, diplomatic, and fiscal policy. Also recognized was a second tier of government composed of two entities roughly equal in size: the Bosniak/Bosnian Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Bosnian Serb-led Republika Srpska (RS). The Federation and RS governments are responsible for overseeing most government functions. Additionally, the Dayton Accords established the Office of the High Representative (OHR) to oversee the implementation of the civilian aspects of the agreement. The Peace Implementation Council (PIC) at its conference in Bonn in 1997 also gave the High Representative the authority to impose legislation and remove officials, the so-called "Bonn Powers." An original NATO-led international peacekeeping force (IFOR) of 60,000 troops assembled in 1995 was succeeded over time by a smaller, NATO-led Stabilization Force (SFOR). In 2004, European Union peacekeeping troops (EUFOR) replaced SFOR. Currently EUFOR deploys around 600 troops in theater in a policing capacity.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 51000.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 10500
Military Expenditure 298,000,000 (Konvertibilna Markas (BAM))
Population 3829307
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Iraqi Insurgency 2011 – Present 2011 ongoing 75957 unknown
The Bosnian Civil War 1992-1995 1992 1995 unknown unknown
Bosnian War 1992-1995 1992 1995 unknown unknown
Croat–Bosniak War 1992-1994 1992 1994 unknown unknown
Croatian War of Independence 1991-1995 1991 1995 unknown unknown
The Bosnian Crisis 1908-1909 1908 1909 unknown unknown
Austro-Hungarian Pacification of Bosnia 1878 1878 1878 unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 51000.00
2012 51000.00
2011 51000.00
2010 51000.00
2009 51000.00
2008 51000.00
2007 51000.00
2006 51000.00
2005 51000.00
2004 51000.00
2003 51000.00
2002 51000.00
2001 51000.00
2000 51000.00
1999 51000.00
1998 51000.00
1997 51000.00
1996 51000.00
1995 51000.00
1994 51000.00
1993 51000.00
1992 51000.00
1991 51000.00
1990 51000.00
1989 51000.00
1988 51000.00
1987 51000.00
1986 51000.00
1985 51000.00
1984 51000.00
1983 51000.00
1982 51000.00
1981 51000.00
1980 51000.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 10500
2011 10550
2010 10577
2009 10577
2008 9000
2007 9000
2006 9000
2005 12000
2004 24000
2003 18800
2002 19800
2001 24000
2000 76000
1999 86000
1998 86000
1997 86000
1996 227000
1995 92000
1994 70000
1992 60000
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 298,000,000 (Konvertibilna Markas (BAM)) 1.47 202721088.44
2012 306,000,000 (Konvertibilna Markas (BAM)) 1.52 201315789.47
2011 298,000,000 (Konvertibilna Markas (BAM)) 1.41 211347517.73
2010 325,000,000 (Konvertibilna Markas (BAM)) 1.48 219594594.59
2009 341,000,000 (Konvertibilna Markas (BAM)) 1.41 241843971.63
2008 311,000,000 (Konvertibilna Markas (BAM)) 1.34 232089552.24
2007 279,000,000 (Konvertibilna Markas (BAM)) 1.43 195104895.1
2006 278,000,000 (Konvertibilna Markas (BAM)) 1.56 178205128.21
2005 273,000,000 (Konvertibilna Markas (BAM)) 1.57 173885350.32
2004 315,000,000 (Konvertibilna Markas (BAM)) 1.58 199367088.61
2003 351,000,000 (Konvertibilna Markas (BAM)) 1.73 202890173.41
2002 501,000,000 (Konvertibilna Markas (BAM)) 2.08 240865384.62
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Date Population
2013 3829307
2012 3833916
2011 3839322
2010 3845929
2009 3853446
2008 3861201
2007 3868665
2006 3875157
2005 3879828
2004 9187610
2003 9016787
2002 8843350
2001 8669066
2000 8495271
1999 3752004
1998 3640821
1997 3535998
1996 3485575
1995 3520996
1994 3659409
1993 3882548
1992 4143068
1991 4373715
1990 4526511
1989 4584734
1988 4564265
1987 4489555
1986 4399257
1985 4321966
1984 4263393
1983 4215148
1982 4175238
1981 4138160
1980 4099903
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