Burma (burma)

Various ethnic Burmese and ethnic minority city-states or kingdoms occupied the present borders through the 19th century. Over a period of 62 years (1824-1886), Britain conquered Burma and incorporated the country into its Indian Empire. Burma was administered as a province of India until 1937 when it became a separate, self-governing colony; in 1948, Burma attained independence from the British Commonwealth. Gen. NE WIN dominated the government from 1962 to 1988, first as military ruler, then as self-appointed president, and later as political kingpin. In response to widespread civil unrest, NE WIN resigned in 1988, but within months the military crushed student-led protests and took power. Multiparty legislative elections in 1990 resulted in the main opposition party - the National League for Democracy (NLD) - winning a landslide victory. Instead of handing over power, the junta placed NLD leader (and Nobel Peace Prize recipient) AUNG SAN SUU KYI (ASSK) under house arrest from 1989 to 1995, 2000 to 2002, and from May 2003 to November 2010. In late September 2007, the ruling junta brutally suppressed protests over increased fuel prices led by pro-democracy activists and Buddhist monks, killing at least 13 people and arresting thousands for participating in the demonstrations. In early May 2008, Burma was struck by Cyclone Nargis, which left over 138,000 dead and tens of thousands injured and homeless. Despite this tragedy, the junta proceeded with its May constitutional referendum, the first vote in Burma since 1990. Parliamentary elections held in November 2010, considered flawed by many in the international community, saw the ruling Union Solidarity and Development Party garner over 75% of the seats. Parliament convened in January 2011 and selected former Prime Minister THEIN SEIN as president. Although the vast majority of national-level appointees named by THEIN SEIN are former or current military officers, the government has initiated a series of political and economic reforms leading to a substantial opening of the long-isolated country. These reforms have included allowing ASSK to contest parliamentary by-elections on 1 April 2012, releasing hundreds of political prisoners, reaching preliminary peace agreements with 10 of the 11 major armed ethnic groups, enacting laws that provide better protections for basic human rights, and gradually reducing restrictions on freedom of the press, association, and civil society. At least due in part to these reforms, ASSK now serves as an elected Member of Parliament and chair of the Committee for Rule of Law and Tranquility. Most political parties have begun building their institutions in preparation for the next round of general elections in 2015. The country is the chair of the Association of South-east Asian Nations (ASEAN) for 2014.

Details
Formation Date 1500
Territory 653290.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 513250
Military Expenditure 2,064,000,000,000 (Kyats (MMK))
Population 53259018
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Burmese Spring 1988 1988 1988 unknown unknown
Military Coup in Burma 1962 1962 1962 unknown unknown
Army Coup in Burma 1958 1958 1958 unknown unknown
Sino-Burmese War 1956 1956 1956 unknown unknown
Third Anglo-Burmese War 1885-1890 1885 1890 6500 6500
Second Anglo-Burmese War 1852-1853 1852 1853 unknown unknown
Mon Uprising in Burma 1838 1838 1838 unknown unknown
First Anglo-Burmese War 1823-1826 1823 1826 30000 unknown
Burmese Invasion of Manipur 1822 1822 1822 unknown unknown
Burmese Conquest of Assam 1819 1819 1819 unknown unknown
Burmese Conquest of Assam 1819 1819 ongoing unknown unknown
Burmese–Siamese wars 1797-1797 1797 1797 unknown unknown
Burmese–Siamese wars 1792 1792 1792 unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 653290.00
2012 653290.00
2011 653290.00
2010 653260.00
2009 653300.00
2008 653310.00
2007 653520.00
2006 653470.00
2005 653360.00
2004 653420.00
2003 653540.00
2002 653540.00
2001 653540.00
2000 653540.00
1999 653540.00
1998 653540.00
1997 653540.00
1996 653540.00
1995 653540.00
1994 653540.00
1993 653540.00
1992 653540.00
1991 653540.00
1990 653540.00
1989 653540.00
1988 653540.00
1987 653540.00
1986 653540.00
1985 653540.00
1984 653540.00
1983 653540.00
1982 653540.00
1981 653540.00
1980 653540.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 513250
2011 513250
2010 513250
2009 513250
2008 513000
2007 513000
2006 513000
2005 483000
2004 482250
2003 595000
2002 544300
2001 444300
2000 429100
1999 429050
1998 434850
1997 429050
1996 406300
1995 371300
1994 322000
1993 322000
1992 286000
1991 286000
1990 230000
1989 200000
1985 186000
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 2,064,000,000,000 (Kyats (MMK)) 933.57 2210867958.48
2012 1,902,000,000,000 (Kyats (MMK)) 640.65 2968859751.81
2011 973,000,000,000 (Kyats (MMK)) 5.44 178860294117.65
2005 192,000,000,000 (Kyats (MMK)) 5.82 32989690721.65
2004 173,000,000,000 (Kyats (MMK)) 5.81 29776247848.54
2003 173,000,000,000 (Kyats (MMK)) 6.14 28175895765.47
2002 76,100,000,000 (Kyats (MMK)) 6.64 11460843373.49
2001 64,000,000,000 (Kyats (MMK)) 6.75 9481481481.48
2000 63,500,000,000 (Kyats (MMK)) 6.52 9739263803.68
1999 45,000,000,000 (Kyats (MMK)) 6.29 7154213036.57
1998 39,600,000,000 (Kyats (MMK)) 6.34 6246056782.33
1997 30,100,000,000 (Kyats (MMK)) 6.24 4823717948.72
1996 29,000,000,000 (Kyats (MMK)) 5.92 4898648648.65
1995 23,800,000,000 (Kyats (MMK)) 5.67 4197530864.2
1994 17,700,000,000 (Kyats (MMK)) 5.97 2964824120.6
1993 13,900,000,000 (Kyats (MMK)) 6.16 2256493506.49
1992 9,100,000,000 (Kyats (MMK)) 6.1 1491803278.69
1991 6,100,000,000 (Kyats (MMK)) 6.28 971337579.62
1990 5,400,000,000 (Kyats (MMK)) 6.34 851735015.77
1989 4,300,000,000 (Kyats (MMK)) 6.7 641791044.78
1988 1,800,000,000 (Kyats (MMK)) 6.39 281690140.85
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Date Population
2013 53259018
2012 52797319
2011 52350763
2010 51931231
2009 51540490
2008 51174018
2007 50828959
2006 50500070
2005 50181020
2004 49875169
2003 49577152
2002 49261313
2001 48894203
2000 48453000
1999 47925630
1998 47321204
1997 46664455
1996 45991828
1995 45329862
1994 44686091
1993 44052710
1992 43422423
1991 42782387
1990 42123003
1989 41445433
1988 40753329
1987 40042444
1986 39307611
1985 38546211
1984 37756446
1983 36942428
1982 36114948
1981 35288662
1980 34474755
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