Cambodia (Kampuchea) (cambodia)

Most Cambodians consider themselves to be Khmers, descendants of the Angkor Empire that extended over much of Southeast Asia and reached its zenith between the 10th and 13th centuries. Attacks by the Thai and Cham (from present-day Vietnam) weakened the empire, ushering in a long period of decline. The king placed the country under French protection in 1863, and it became part of French Indochina in 1887. Following Japanese occupation in World War II, Cambodia gained full independence from France in 1953. In April 1975, after a five-year struggle, communist Khmer Rouge forces captured Phnom Penh and evacuated all cities and towns. At least 1.5 million Cambodians died from execution, forced hardships, or starvation during the Khmer Rouge regime under POL POT. A December 1978 Vietnamese invasion drove the Khmer Rouge into the countryside, began a 10-year Vietnamese occupation, and touched off almost 13 years of civil war. The 1991 Paris Peace Accords mandated democratic elections and a ceasefire, which was not fully respected by the Khmer Rouge. UN-sponsored elections in 1993 helped restore some semblance of normalcy under a coalition government. Factional fighting in 1997 ended the first coalition government, but a second round of national elections in 1998 led to the formation of another coalition government and renewed political stability. The remaining elements of the Khmer Rouge surrendered in early 1999. Some of the surviving Khmer Rouge leaders have been tried or are awaiting trial for crimes against humanity by a hybrid UN-Cambodian tribunal supported by international assistance. Elections in July 2003 were relatively peaceful, but it took one year of negotiations between contending political parties before a coalition government was formed. In October 2004, King Norodom SIHANOUK abdicated the throne and his son, Prince Norodom SIHAMONI, was selected to succeed him. Local elections were held in Cambodia in April 2007, with little of the pre-election violence that preceded prior elections. National elections in July 2008 were relatively peaceful, as were commune council elections in June 2012.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 176520.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 191300
Military Expenditure 981,000,000,000 (Riels (KHR))
Population 15135169
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Cambodian–Thai border dispute 2008 2008 ongoing unknown unknown
Cambodian Civil War 1997 1997 1997 unknown unknown
Khmer Rouge Insurgency in Cambodia 1992-1998 1992 1998 unknown unknown
Vietnamese Intervention in Kampuchea 1978-1991 1978 1991 unknown unknown
Cambodian Refugees in Thailand 1975-1995 1975 1995 unknown unknown
The Mayaguez Incident: Cambodia 1975 1975 1975 unknown unknown
The Killing Fields in Kampuchea 1975-1979 1975 1979 unknown unknown
Cambodian Civil War 1970-1975 1970 1975 unknown unknown
Cambodian Tax Revolt 1967-1970 1967 1970 unknown unknown
Defection of Sieu Heng: Cambodia 1959 1959 1959 unknown unknown
Thai-Cambodian Border Clashes 1958 1958 1958 unknown unknown
Viet Minh Incursion into Cambodia 1954 1954 1954 unknown unknown
Siamese-Vietnamese War in Cambodia 1841-1845 1841 1845 unknown unknown
Siamese-Cambodian War 1831-1834 1831 1834 unknown unknown
The Cambodian Usurpation 1811-12 1811 1812 unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 176520.00
2012 176520.00
2011 176520.00
2010 176520.00
2009 176520.00
2008 176520.00
2007 176520.00
2006 176520.00
2005 176520.00
2004 176520.00
2003 176520.00
2002 176520.00
2001 176520.00
2000 176520.00
1999 176520.00
1998 176520.00
1997 176520.00
1996 176520.00
1995 176520.00
1994 176520.00
1993 176520.00
1992 176520.00
1991 176520.00
1990 176520.00
1989 176520.00
1988 176520.00
1987 176520.00
1986 176520.00
1985 176520.00
1984 176520.00
1983 176520.00
1982 176520.00
1981 176520.00
1980 176520.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 191300
2011 191300
2010 191300
2009 191300
2008 191000
2007 191000
2006 191000
2005 191000
2004 192000
2003 192000
2002 192000
2001 207000
2000 360000
1999 359000
1998 359000
1997 360500
1996 307700
1995 308500
1994 70000
1993 102000
1992 135000
1991 112000
1990 112000
1989 99000
1985 35000
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 981,000,000,000 (Riels (KHR)) 4027.25 243590539.45
2012 876,000,000,000 (Riels (KHR)) 4033 217208033.72
2011 826,000,000,000 (Riels (KHR)) 4058.5 203523469.26
2010 746,000,000,000 (Riels (KHR)) 4184.92 178259082.61
2009 977,000,000,000 (Riels (KHR)) 4139.33 236028536.02
2008 501,000,000,000 (Riels (KHR)) 4054.17 123576465.71
2007 383,000,000,000 (Riels (KHR)) 4056.17 94424050.27
2006 389,000,000,000 (Riels (KHR)) 4103.25 94802900.14
2005 296,000,000,000 (Riels (KHR)) 4092.5 72327428.22
2004 272,000,000,000 (Riels (KHR)) 4016.25 67724867.72
2003 270,000,000,000 (Riels (KHR)) 3973.33 67953077.14
2002 265,000,000,000 (Riels (KHR)) 3912.08 67738901.04
2001 277,000,000,000 (Riels (KHR)) 3916.33 70729483.98
2000 309,000,000,000 (Riels (KHR)) 3840.75 80453036.52
1999 336,000,000,000 (Riels (KHR)) 3807.83 88239233.37
1998 312,000,000,000 (Riels (KHR)) 3744.42 83323986.09
1997 305,000,000,000 (Riels (KHR)) 2946.25 103521425.54
1996 298,000,000,000 (Riels (KHR)) 2624.08 113563610.87
1995 302,000,000,000 (Riels (KHR)) 2450.83 123223561
1994 273,000,000,000 (Riels (KHR)) 2545.25 107258619
1993 120,000,000,000 (Riels (KHR)) 2689 44626255.11
1992 78,900,000,000 (Riels (KHR)) 1266.58 62293735.89
1991 31,100,000,000 (Riels (KHR)) 718.33 43294864.48
1990 12,400,000,000 (Riels (KHR)) 426.25 29090909.09
1989 4,800,000,000 (Riels (KHR)) Unknown Unknown
1988 2,500,000,000 (Riels (KHR)) Unknown Unknown
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Date Population
2013 15135169
2012 14864646
2011 14605862
2010 14364931
2009 14144225
2008 13940518
2007 13747288
2006 13555054
2005 13356424
2004 13149386
2003 12934369
2002 12709336
2001 12472586
2000 12222871
1999 11960467
1998 11685332
1997 11395958
1996 11090611
1995 10769198
1994 10430268
1993 10077404
1992 9721775
1991 9378185
1990 9057339
1989 8768664
1988 8510817
1987 8271042
1986 8030211
1985 7777235
1984 7499331
1983 7207649
1982 6943097
1981 6761653
1980 6699273
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