Chad (chad)

Chad, part of France's African holdings until 1960, endured three decades of civil warfare, as well as invasions by Libya, before a semblance of peace was finally restored in 1990. The government eventually drafted a democratic constitution and held flawed presidential elections in 1996 and 2001. In 1998, a rebellion broke out in northern Chad, which has sporadically flared up despite several peace agreements between the government and the insurgents. In 2005, new rebel groups emerged in western Sudan and made probing attacks into eastern Chad despite signing peace agreements in December 2006 and October 2007. In June 2005, President Idriss DEBY held a referendum successfully removing constitutional term limits and won another controversial election in 2006. Sporadic rebel campaigns continued throughout 2006 and 2007. The capital experienced a significant insurrection in early 2008, but has had no significant rebel threats since then, in part due to Chad's 2010 rapprochement with Sudan, which previously used Chadian rebels as proxies. DEBY in 2011 was re-elected to his fourth term in an election that international observers described as proceeding without incident. Power remains in the hands of an ethnic minority. In January 2014, Chad began a two year rotation on the UN Security Council.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 1259200.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 34850
Military Expenditure 114,000,000,000 (XAF)
Population 12825314
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Northern Mali conflict 2012 - Present 2012 ongoing unknown unknown
Operation Enduring Freedom – Trans Sahara 2007 2007 ongoing unknown unknown
Chadian Civil War 2005–2010 2005 2010 unknown unknown
Central African Republic Bush War 2004-2007 2004 2007 unknown unknown
Islamist insurgency in Nigeria 1999 1999 ongoing unknown unknown
Second Congo War 1998-2003 1998 2003 unknown unknown
February Coup Attempt in Chad 1992 1992 1992 unknown unknown
May Coup Attempt in Chad 1992 1992 1992 unknown unknown
Libyan Intervention in Chad 1980-81 1980 1981 unknown unknown
Libyan Invasion of Chad 1979 1979 1979 unknown unknown
Rebellion in Chad 1965-1990 1965 1990 34000 unknown
French Conquest of Chad 1899-1900 1899 1900 unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 1259200.00
2012 1259200.00
2011 1259200.00
2010 1259200.00
2009 1259200.00
2008 1259200.00
2007 1259200.00
2006 1259200.00
2005 1259200.00
2004 1259200.00
2003 1259200.00
2002 1259200.00
2001 1259200.00
2000 1259200.00
1999 1259200.00
1998 1259200.00
1997 1259200.00
1996 1259200.00
1995 1259200.00
1994 1259200.00
1993 1259200.00
1992 1259200.00
1991 1259200.00
1990 1259200.00
1989 1259200.00
1988 1259200.00
1987 1259200.00
1986 1259200.00
1985 1259200.00
1984 1259200.00
1983 1259200.00
1982 1259200.00
1981 1259200.00
1980 1259200.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 34850
2011 34850
2010 34850
2009 35030
2008 35000
2007 35000
2005 35000
2004 34000
2003 34800
2002 34900
2001 34900
2000 34600
1999 34850
1998 34850
1997 34850
1996 34850
1995 34850
1994 40000
1993 30000
1992 38000
1991 50000
1990 50000
1989 33000
1985 12200
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2011 114,000,000,000 (XAF) 471.87 241591963.89
2010 112,000,000,000 (XAF) 495.28 226134711.68
2009 206,000,000,000 (XAF) 472.19 436265062.79
2008 274,000,000,000 (XAF) 447.81 611866639.87
2007 187,000,000,000 (XAF) 479.27 390176727.11
2005 29,300,000,000 (XAF) 527.47 55548182.84
2004 26,700,000,000 (XAF) 528.28 50541379.57
2003 23,800,000,000 (XAF) 581.2 40949759.12
2002 23,900,000,000 (XAF) 696.99 34290305.46
2001 22,500,000,000 (XAF) 733.04 30694095.82
2000 18,800,000,000 (XAF) 711.98 26405236.1
1999 16,000,000,000 (XAF) 615.7 25986681.83
1998 11,800,000,000 (XAF) 589.95 20001695.06
1997 12,000,000,000 (XAF) 583.67 20559562.77
1996 15,700,000,000 (XAF) 511.55 30691037.04
1995 12,400,000,000 (XAF) 499.15 24842231.79
1994 15,300,000,000 (XAF) 555.2 27557636.89
1993 13,700,000,000 (XAF) 283.16 48382539.91
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Date Population
2013 12825314
2012 12448175
2011 12080037
2010 11720781
2009 11371325
2008 11030628
2007 10694366
2006 10356822
2005 10014413
2004 49875169
2003 49577152
2002 49261313
2001 48894203
2000 48453000
1999 8002899
1998 7724316
1997 7463347
1996 7216321
1995 6980351
1994 6755540
1993 6542419
1992 6338934
1991 6142558
1990 5951574
1989 5764631
1988 5582282
1987 5407077
1986 5242737
1985 5091809
1984 4954649
1983 4829852
1982 4715985
1981 4610917
1980 4512758
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