Djibouti (djibouti)

The French Territory of the Afars and the Issas became Djibouti in 1977. Hassan Gouled APTIDON installed an authoritarian one-party state and proceeded to serve as president until 1999. Unrest among the Afar minority during the 1990s led to a civil war that ended in 2001 with a peace accord between Afar rebels and the Somali Issa-dominated government. In 1999, Djibouti's first multiparty presidential elections resulted in the election of Ismail Omar GUELLEH as president; he was reelected to a second term in 2005 and extended his tenure in office via a constitutional amendment, which allowed him to begin a third term in 2011. Djibouti occupies a strategic geographic location at the intersection of the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden and serves as an important shipping portal for goods entering and leaving the east African highlands and transshipments between Europe, the Middle East, and Asia. The government holds longstanding ties to France, which maintains a significant military presence in the country, and has strong ties with the United States. Djibouti hosts several thousand members of US armed services at US-run Camp Lemonnier.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 23180.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 12950
Military Expenditure 6,447,000,000 (Djiboutian Francs (DJF))
Population 872932
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Djiboutian–Eritrean border conflict 2008 2008 2008 unknown unknown
Operation Enduring Freedom – Horn of Africa 2002 2002 ongoing unknown unknown
Civil War in Djibouti 1991-1994 1991 1994 unknown unknown
Djiboutian Civil War 1991-1994 1991 1994 unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
1980 23180.00
2003 23180.00
1997 23180.00
2006 23180.00
1983 23180.00
2000 23180.00
1994 23180.00
1986 23180.00
2005 23180.00
1982 23180.00
1999 23180.00
1991 23180.00
1985 23180.00
2002 23180.00
2008 23180.00
2011 23180.00
1988 23180.00
2007 23180.00
1993 23180.00
1987 23180.00
2010 23180.00
2004 23180.00
1996 23180.00
1990 23180.00
2013 23180.00
1984 23180.00
2001 23180.00
1995 23180.00
1989 23180.00
2012 23180.00
1981 23180.00
1998 23180.00
1992 23180.00
2009 23180.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 12950
2011 12950
2010 12950
2009 12950
2007 12000
2006 13000
2005 13000
2004 11000
2003 12300
2002 12300
2001 12600
2000 12600
1999 12600
1998 12600
1997 12600
1996 12600
1995 12600
1994 8000
1993 8000
1992 8000
1991 3000
1990 4000
1989 4000
1985 3000
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2008 6,447,000,000 (Djiboutian Francs (DJF)) 177.72 36276164.75
2007 6,135,000,000 (Djiboutian Francs (DJF)) 177.72 34520594.19
2006 8,800,000,000 (Djiboutian Francs (DJF)) 177.72 49516092.73
2005 7,970,000,000 (Djiboutian Francs (DJF)) 177.72 44845824.89
2004 6,639,000,000 (Djiboutian Francs (DJF)) 177.72 37356515.87
2003 7,422,000,000 (Djiboutian Francs (DJF)) 177.72 41762322.75
2002 5,909,000,000 (Djiboutian Francs (DJF)) 177.72 33248930.9
2001 4,629,000,000 (Djiboutian Francs (DJF)) 177.72 26046590.14
2000 4,625,000,000 (Djiboutian Francs (DJF)) 177.72 26024082.83
1999 4,759,000,000 (Djiboutian Francs (DJF)) 177.72 26778077.88
1998 4,746,000,000 (Djiboutian Francs (DJF)) 177.72 26704929.1
1997 4,719,000,000 (Djiboutian Francs (DJF)) 177.72 26553004.73
1996 4,359,000,000 (Djiboutian Francs (DJF)) 177.72 24527346.39
1995 5,262,000,000 (Djiboutian Francs (DJF)) 177.72 29608372.72
1994 5,458,000,000 (Djiboutian Francs (DJF)) 177.72 30711231.15
1993 5,521,000,000 (Djiboutian Francs (DJF)) 177.72 31065721.36
1992 5,976,000,000 (Djiboutian Francs (DJF)) 177.72 33625928.43
1991 5,647,000,000 (Djiboutian Francs (DJF)) 177.72 31774701.78
1990 5,530,000,000 (Djiboutian Francs (DJF)) 177.72 31116362.82
1989 5,525,000,000 (Djiboutian Francs (DJF)) 177.72 31088228.67
1988 5,520,000,000 (Djiboutian Francs (DJF)) 177.72 31060094.53
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Date Population
2013 872932
2012 859652
2011 846646
2010 834036
2009 821865
2008 810100
2007 798690
2006 787544
2005 776585
2004 765776
2003 755085
2002 744434
2001 733732
2000 722887
1999 711652
1998 699922
1997 687897
1996 675891
1995 663999
1994 652793
1993 641900
1992 629373
1991 612589
1990 589924
1989 560124
1988 524393
1987 486555
1986 451942
1985 424227
1984 405229
1983 393443
1982 385184
1981 375041
1980 359247
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