Dominican Republic (dominican)

The Taino - indigenous inhabitants of Hispaniola prior to the arrival of the Europeans - divided the island into five chiefdoms and territories. Christopher COLUMBUS explored and claimed the island on his first voyage in 1492; it became a springboard for Spanish conquest of the Caribbean and the American mainland. In 1697, Spain recognized French dominion over the western third of the island, which in 1804 became Haiti. The remainder of the island, by then known as Santo Domingo, sought to gain its own independence in 1821 but was conquered and ruled by the Haitians for 22 years; it finally attained independence as the Dominican Republic in 1844. In 1861, the Dominicans voluntarily returned to the Spanish Empire, but two years later they launched a war that restored independence in 1865. A legacy of unsettled, mostly non-representative rule followed, capped by the dictatorship of Rafael Leonidas TRUJILLO from 1930 to 1961. Juan BOSCH was elected president in 1962 but was deposed in a military coup in 1963. In 1965, the United States led an intervention in the midst of a civil war sparked by an uprising to restore BOSCH. In 1966, Joaquin BALAGUER defeated BOSCH in an election to become president. BALAGUER maintained a tight grip on power for most of the next 30 years when international reaction to flawed elections forced him to curtail his term in 1996. Since then, regular competitive elections have been held in which opposition candidates have won the presidency. Former President Leonel FERNANDEZ Reyna (first term 1996-2000) won election to a new term in 2004 following a constitutional amendment allowing presidents to serve more than one term, and was later re-elected to a second consecutive term. In 2012, Danilo MEDINA Sanchez was elected president.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 48320.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 61000
Military Expenditure 15,498,000,000 (Dominican Pesos (DOP))
Population 10403761
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Dominican Electoral Crisis 1978 1978 1978 unknown unknown
Dominican Civil War 1965 1965 1965 unknown unknown
Dominican-Haitian Border Clash 1963 1963 1963 unknown unknown
Military Coup in the Dominican Republic 1963 1963 1963 unknown unknown
Raid on the Dominican Embassy in Haiti 1963 1963 1963 unknown unknown
Massacre of Haitians in the Dominican Republic 1937 1937 1937 unknown unknown
"Era of Trujillo" in the Dominican Republic 1930 1930 1930 unknown unknown
Dominican Resistance to US Occupation 1917-1921 1917 1921 unknown unknown
War of Restoration in the Dominican Republic 1861-1865 1861 1865 unknown unknown
Haitian Invasions of the Dominican Republic 1855-1856 1855 1856 unknown unknown
Haitian Invasions of the Dominican Republic 1849-1850 1849 1850 unknown unknown
Dominican War of Independence 1844 1844 1844 2000 unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 48320.00
2012 48320.00
2011 48320.00
2010 48320.00
2009 48320.00
2008 48320.00
2007 48320.00
2006 48320.00
2005 48320.00
2004 48320.00
2003 48320.00
2002 48320.00
2001 48320.00
2000 48320.00
1999 48320.00
1998 48320.00
1997 48320.00
1996 48320.00
1995 48320.00
1994 48320.00
1993 48320.00
1992 48320.00
1991 48320.00
1990 48320.00
1989 48320.00
1988 48320.00
1987 48320.00
1985 48320.00
1984 48320.00
1983 48320.00
1982 48320.00
1981 48320.00
1980 48320.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 61000
2011 39500
2010 39500
2009 39500
2008 40000
2007 65000
2006 65000
2005 40000
2004 39000
2003 39500
2002 39500
2001 39500
2000 39500
1999 39500
1998 39500
1997 39500
1996 39500
1995 39500
1994 22000
1993 22000
1992 22000
1991 21000
1990 21000
1989 21000
1985 22200
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 15,498,000,000 (Dominican Pesos (DOP)) 41.81 370676871.56
2012 14,061,000,000 (Dominican Pesos (DOP)) 39.34 357422470.77
2011 13,326,000,000 (Dominican Pesos (DOP)) 38.23 348574418
2010 13,239,000,000 (Dominican Pesos (DOP)) 37.31 354837845.08
2009 11,587,000,000 (Dominican Pesos (DOP)) 36.11 320880642.48
2008 11,629,000,000 (Dominican Pesos (DOP)) 34.87 333495841.7
2007 9,153,000,000 (Dominican Pesos (DOP)) 33.31 274782347.64
2006 8,621,000,000 (Dominican Pesos (DOP)) 33.25 259278195.49
2005 8,305,000,000 (Dominican Pesos (DOP)) 30.51 272205834.15
2004 6,436,000,000 (Dominican Pesos (DOP)) 42.1 152874109.26
2003 4,804,000,000 (Dominican Pesos (DOP)) 30.83 155822251.05
2002 5,056,000,000 (Dominican Pesos (DOP)) 18.61 271681891.46
2001 5,186,000,000 (Dominican Pesos (DOP)) 16.95 305958702.06
2000 4,051,000,000 (Dominican Pesos (DOP)) 16.42 246711327.65
1999 2,806,000,000 (Dominican Pesos (DOP)) 16.03 175046787.27
1998 2,428,000,000 (Dominican Pesos (DOP)) 15.27 159004584.15
1997 2,149,000,000 (Dominican Pesos (DOP)) 14.27 150595655.22
1996 1,474,000,000 (Dominican Pesos (DOP)) 13.77 107044299.2
1995 1,148,000,000 (Dominican Pesos (DOP)) 13.6 84411764.71
1994 1,329,000,000 (Dominican Pesos (DOP)) 13.16 100987841.95
1993 1,217,000,000 (Dominican Pesos (DOP)) 12.68 95977917.98
1992 806,000,000 (Dominican Pesos (DOP)) 12.77 63116679.72
1991 430,000,000 (Dominican Pesos (DOP)) 12.69 33884948.78
1990 408,000,000 (Dominican Pesos (DOP)) 8.53 47831184.06
1989 339,000,000 (Dominican Pesos (DOP)) 6.34 53470031.55
1988 289,000,000 (Dominican Pesos (DOP)) 6.11 47299509
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Date Population
2013 10403761
2012 10276621
2011 10147598
2010 10016797
2009 9884265
2008 9750195
2007 9615015
2006 9479269
2005 9343362
2004 9207389
2003 9071318
2002 8935261
2001 8799298
2000 8663421
1999 8527881
1998 8392534
1997 8256496
1996 8118570
1995 7977966
1994 7834359
1993 7688196
1992 7540421
1991 7392389
1990 7245127
1989 7099011
1988 6953918
1987 6809797
1986 6666429
1985 6523696
1984 6381602
1983 6240380
1982 6100385
1981 5962066
1980 5825715
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