Egypt (egypt)

The regularity and richness of the annual Nile River flood, coupled with semi-isolation provided by deserts to the east and west, allowed for the development of one of the world's great civilizations. A unified kingdom arose circa 3200 B.C., and a series of dynasties ruled in Egypt for the next three millennia. The last native dynasty fell to the Persians in 341 B.C., who in turn were replaced by the Greeks, Romans, and Byzantines. It was the Arabs who introduced Islam and the Arabic language in the 7th century and who ruled for the next six centuries. A local military caste, the Mamluks took control about 1250 and continued to govern after the conquest of Egypt by the Ottoman Turks in 1517. Completion of the Suez Canal in 1869 elevated Egypt as an important world transportation hub. Ostensibly to protect its investments, Britain seized control of Egypt's government in 1882, but nominal allegiance to the Ottoman Empire continued until 1914. Partially independent from the UK in 1922, Egypt acquired full sovereignty from Britain in 1952. The completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1971 and the resultant Lake Nasser have altered the time-honored place of the Nile River in the agriculture and ecology of Egypt. A rapidly growing population (the largest in the Arab world), limited arable land, and dependence on the Nile all continue to overtax resources and stress society. The government has struggled to meet the demands of Egypt's population through economic reform and massive investment in communications and physical infrastructure. Inspired by the 2010 Tunisian revolution, Egyptian opposition groups led demonstrations and labor strikes countrywide, culminating in President Hosni MUBARAK's ouster. Egypt's military assumed national leadership until a new parliament was in place in early 2012; later that same year, Mohammed MORSI won the presidential election. Following often violent protests throughout the spring of 2013 against MORSI's government and the Muslim Brotherhood (MB), and massive anti-government demonstrations, the Egyptian Armed Forces (EAF) intervened and removed MORSI from power in mid-July 2013 and replaced him with interim president Adly MANSOUR. In mid-January 2014, voters approved a new constitution by referendum. Presidential elections to replace MANSOUR are scheduled for late May 2014. According to the constitution and the government's transitional road map, preparations for parliamentary elections will begin by mid-July 2014.

Details
Formation Date 1500
Territory 995450.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 835500
Military Expenditure 29,238,000,000 (Egyptian Pounds (EGP))
Population 82056378
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Libyan Civil War 2014 – Present 2014 ongoing unknown unknown
Sinai insurgency 2011-Present 2011 ongoing unknown unknown
Gulf War 1990-1991 1990 1991 unknown unknown
Persian Gulf War 1990-1991 1990 1991 41466 unknown
Assassination of Sadat: Egypt 1981 1981 1981 unknown unknown
"Infitah" Rioting in Egypt 1977 1977 1977 unknown unknown
Egyptian-Libyan War 1977 1977 1977 unknown unknown
Yom Kippur War 1973 1973 1973 23000 unknown
The Corrective Revolution in Egypt 1971 1971 1971 unknown unknown
The War of Attrition 1969-1970 1969 1970 13801 unknown
Reform Demonstrations in Egypt 1968 1968 1968 unknown unknown
Sentencing Demonstrations in Egypt 1968 1968 1968 unknown unknown
The Officials Plot in Egypt 1967 1967 1967 unknown unknown
The Six Day War 1967 1967 1967 20000 unknown
Biafran Secession: Nigeria 1967-1970 1967 1970 unknown unknown
North Yemeni Civil War 1962-1970 1962 1970 unknown unknown
Nationalization of the Suez Canal in Egypt 1956 1956 1956 unknown unknown
The Sinai War 1956 1956 1956 3230 unknown
Egyptian Police Militancy 1952 1952 1952 unknown unknown
Free Officers Coup in Egypt 1952 1952 1952 unknown unknown
Textile Workers Strike in Egypt 1952 1952 1952 unknown unknown
British Bulldozing Incident in Egypt 1951 1951 1951 unknown unknown
Israeli War of Independence 1948-1949 1948 1949 13000 unknown
Anglo-Egyptian Treaty Protests 1936 1936 1936 unknown unknown
Green Shirts in Egypt 1933- ca. 1945 1933 1945 unknown unknown
Zaghlul's Deportation from Egypt 1921 1921 1921 unknown unknown
Assassination of Britons in Egypt 1920-1924 1920 1924 unknown unknown
Milner Mission in Egypt 1919 1919 1919 unknown unknown
The Egyptian Revolution 1919 1919 1919 unknown unknown
Anti-European Rioting in Alexandria, Egypt 1882 1882 1882 unknown unknown
British Occupation of Egypt 1882 1882 1882 unknown unknown
The Mahdist Jihad 1881-1885 1881 1885 546000 unknown
Abyssinian-Egyptian War 1875-1879 1875 1879 37000 unknown
Second Egyptian War: Ottoman Empire 1838-1841 1838 1841 41000 unknown
Greek War of Independence 1821-1832 1821 1832 80110 unknown
Egyptian Invasion of Sudan 1820-1838 1820 1838 20000 unknown
Egyptian Revolution 1805-1811 1805 1811 39000 39000
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2006 995450.00
2000 995450.00
1980 995450.00
1986 995450.00
1994 995450.00
2003 995450.00
1997 995450.00
1983 995450.00
1985 995450.00
2008 995450.00
1991 995450.00
2002 995450.00
1982 995450.00
2011 995450.00
1988 995450.00
2005 995450.00
1999 995450.00
2010 995450.00
1987 995450.00
2004 995450.00
1993 995450.00
1996 995450.00
1984 995450.00
2013 995450.00
1990 995450.00
2007 995450.00
1981 995450.00
1989 995450.00
2012 995450.00
1998 995450.00
2009 995450.00
1992 995450.00
2001 995450.00
1995 995450.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 835500
2011 835500
2010 835500
2009 865500
2008 866000
2007 866000
2006 866000
2005 799000
2004 798000
2003 780000
2002 773000
2001 768000
2000 678500
1999 680000
1998 680000
1997 680000
1996 672000
1995 610000
1994 430000
1993 424000
1992 424000
1991 434000
1990 434000
1989 450000
1985 445000
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 29,238,000,000 (Egyptian Pounds (EGP)) 6.87 4255895196.51
2012 26,501,000,000 (Egyptian Pounds (EGP)) 6.06 4373102310.23
2011 25,435,000,000 (Egyptian Pounds (EGP)) 5.93 4289207419.9
2010 24,114,000,000 (Egyptian Pounds (EGP)) 5.62 4290747330.96
2009 22,275,000,000 (Egyptian Pounds (EGP)) 5.54 4020758122.74
2008 20,534,000,000 (Egyptian Pounds (EGP)) 5.43 3781583793.74
2007 18,636,000,000 (Egyptian Pounds (EGP)) 5.64 3304255319.15
2006 16,927,000,000 (Egyptian Pounds (EGP)) 5.73 2954101221.64
2005 15,368,000,000 (Egyptian Pounds (EGP)) 5.78 2658823529.41
2004 14,684,000,000 (Egyptian Pounds (EGP)) 6.2 2368387096.77
2003 14,563,000,000 (Egyptian Pounds (EGP)) 5.85 2489401709.4
2002 13,333,000,000 (Egyptian Pounds (EGP)) 4.5 2962888888.89
2001 12,148,000,000 (Egyptian Pounds (EGP)) 3.97 3059949622.17
2000 11,569,000,000 (Egyptian Pounds (EGP)) 3.47 3334005763.69
1999 10,124,000,000 (Egyptian Pounds (EGP)) 3.4 2977647058.82
1998 9,638,000,000 (Egyptian Pounds (EGP)) 3.39 2843067846.61
1997 9,240,000,000 (Egyptian Pounds (EGP)) 3.39 2725663716.81
1996 7,765,000,000 (Egyptian Pounds (EGP)) 3.39 2290560471.98
1995 8,267,000,000 (Egyptian Pounds (EGP)) 3.39 2438643067.85
1994 7,621,000,000 (Egyptian Pounds (EGP)) 3.39 2248082595.87
1993 6,982,000,000 (Egyptian Pounds (EGP)) 3.35 2084179104.48
1992 6,624,000,000 (Egyptian Pounds (EGP)) 3.32 1995180722.89
1991 5,766,000,000 (Egyptian Pounds (EGP)) 3.14 1836305732.48
1990 5,042,000,000 (Egyptian Pounds (EGP)) 1.55 3252903225.81
1989 3,926,000,000 (Egyptian Pounds (EGP)) 0.87 4512643678.16
1988 3,873,000,000 (Egyptian Pounds (EGP)) 0.7 5532857142.86
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Date Population
2013 82056378
2012 80721874
2011 79392466
2010 78075705
2009 76775023
2008 75491922
2007 74229577
2006 72990754
2005 71777678
2004 70591288
2003 69432477
2002 68302914
2001 67204189
2000 66136590
1999 65097777
1998 64084443
1997 63094069
1996 62123592
1995 61168397
1994 60231864
1993 59307778
1992 58370712
1991 57387589
1990 56336614
1989 55207254
1988 54011214
1987 52776850
1986 51545011
1985 50346551
1984 49190419
1983 48071851
1982 46991385
1981 45945655
1980 44931971
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