East Timor (ET)

The Portuguese began to trade with the island of Timor in the early 16th century and colonized it in mid-century. Skirmishing with the Dutch in the region eventually resulted in an 1859 treaty in which Portugal ceded the western portion of the island. Imperial Japan occupied Portuguese Timor from 1942 to 1945, but Portugal resumed colonial authority after the Japanese defeat in World War II. East Timor declared itself independent from Portugal on 28 November 1975 and was invaded and occupied by Indonesian forces nine days later. It was incorporated into Indonesia in July 1976 as the province of Timor Timur (East Timor). An unsuccessful campaign of pacification followed over the next two decades, during which an estimated 100,000 to 250,000 individuals lost their lives. On 30 August 1999, in a UN-supervised popular referendum, an overwhelming majority of the people of Timor-Leste voted for independence from Indonesia. However, in the next three weeks, anti-independence Timorese militias - organized and supported by the Indonesian military - commenced a large-scale, scorched-earth campaign of retribution. The militias killed approximately 1,400 Timorese and forcibly pushed 300,000 people into western Timor as refugees. Most of the country's infrastructure, including homes, irrigation systems, water supply systems, and schools, and nearly 100% of the country's electrical grid were destroyed. On 20 September 1999, Australian-led peacekeeping troops deployed to the country and brought the violence to an end. On 20 May 2002, Timor-Leste was internationally recognized as an independent state. In 2006, internal tensions threatened the new nation's security when a military strike led to violence and a breakdown of law and order. At Dili's request, an Australian-led International Stabilization Force (ISF) deployed to Timor-Leste, and the UN Security Council established the UN Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT), which included an authorized police presence of over 1,600 personnel. The ISF and UNMIT restored stability, allowing for presidential and parliamentary elections in 2007 in a largely peaceful atmosphere. In February 2008, a rebel group staged an unsuccessful attack against the president and prime minister. The ringleader was killed in the attack, and most of the rebels surrendered in April 2008. Since the attack, the government has enjoyed one of its longest periods of post-independence stability, including successful 2012 elections for both the parliament and president. In late 2012, the UN Security Council voted to end its peacekeeping mission in Timor-Leste and both the ISF and UNMIT departed the country by the end of the year.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 14870.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 1330
Military Expenditure 29,200,000 (US Dollar)
Population 1178252
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
East Timorese crisis 1999 1999 2000 unknown unknown
Indonesian Occupation of East Timor 1975-1989 1975 1989 185000 unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 14870.00
2012 14870.00
2011 14870.00
2010 14870.00
2009 14870.00
2008 14870.00
2007 14870.00
2006 14870.00
2005 14870.00
2004 14870.00
2003 14870.00
2002 14870.00
2001 14870.00
2000 14870.00
1999 14870.00
1998 14870.00
1997 14870.00
1996 14870.00
1995 14870.00
1994 14870.00
1993 14870.00
1992 14870.00
1992 14870.00
1991 14870.00
1990 14870.00
1989 14870.00
1988 14870.00
1987 14870.00
1986 14870.00
1985 14870.00
1984 14870.00
1983 14870.00
1982 14870.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 1330
2011 1330
2010 1332
2009 1332
2008 1000
2007 1000
2006 1000
2004 1000
    «1»
Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 29,200,000 (US Dollar) 1 29200000
2012 29,800,000 (US Dollar) 1 29800000
2011 20,500,000 (US Dollar) 1 20500000
2010 26,400,000 (US Dollar) 1 26400000
2009 36,500,000 (US Dollar) 1 36500000
2008 23,700,000 (US Dollar) 1 23700000
2007 23,700,000 (US Dollar) 1 23700000
2006 17,100,000 (US Dollar) 1 17100000
2005 8,200,000 (US Dollar) 1 8200000
2004 3,300,000 (US Dollar) 1 3300000
    «1»
Date Population
2013 1178252
2012 1148958
2011 13358738
2010 13076978
2009 1049156
2008 1032182
2007 1015482
2006 999053
2005 982889
2004 966987
2003 933369
2002 899367
2001 871353
2000 853585
1999 848230
1998 853069
1997 862622
1996 869024
1995 866700
1994 853716
1993 832053
1992 804803
1991 776772
1990 751488
1989 730158
1988 711794
1987 695175
1986 678277
1985 659876
1984 638938
1983 616650
1982 596572
1981 583567
1980 580730
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