Ethiopia (ethiopia)

Unique among African countries, the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from colonial rule with the exception of a short-lived Italian occupation from 1936-41. In 1974, a military junta, the Derg, deposed Emperor Haile SELASSIE (who had ruled since 1930) and established a socialist state. Torn by bloody coups, uprisings, wide-scale drought, and massive refugee problems, the regime was finally toppled in 1991 by a coalition of rebel forces, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF). A constitution was adopted in 1994, and Ethiopia's first multiparty elections were held in 1995. A border war with Eritrea late in the 1990s ended with a peace treaty in December 2000. In November 2007, the Eritrea-Ethiopia Border Commission (EEBC) issued specific coordinates as virtually demarcating the border and pronounced its work finished. Alleging that the EEBC acted beyond its mandate in issuing the coordinates, Ethiopia has not accepted them and has not withdrawn troops from previously contested areas pronounced by the EEBC as belonging to Eritrea. In August 2012, longtime leader Prime Minister MELES Zenawi died in office and was replaced by his Deputy Prime Minister HAILEMARIAM Desalegn, marking the first peaceful transition of power in decades.

Details
Formation Date 1500
Territory 1000000.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 138000
Military Expenditure 7,000,000,000 (Birr (ETB))
Population 94100756
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Operation Linda Nchi 2011-2012 2011 2012 unknown unknown
War in Somalia 2006–2009 2006 2009 unknown unknown
Operation Enduring Freedom – Horn of Africa 2002 2002 ongoing unknown unknown
Eritrean–Ethiopian War 1998-2000 1998 2000 unknown unknown
Ethiopian-Eritrean Border War 1998 1998 1998 unknown unknown
Insurgency in Ogaden 1995-2008 1995 2008 unknown unknown
Second Afar insurgency 1995 1995 ongoing unknown unknown
Somalian Civil War 1991-1993 1991 1993 unknown unknown
Ethiopian-Somalian Border Clash 1982 1982 1982 unknown unknown
The Ogaden War 1977-1978 1977 1978 unknown unknown
Ethiopian Civil War 1974-1991 1971 1991 unknown unknown
Ethiopian-Somalian Border Clashes 1960 1960 1960 unknown unknown
Imperial Guards Coup Attempt in Ethiopia 1960 1960 1960 unknown unknown
World War II 1939-1945 1939 1945 73000000 unknown
Second Italo-Abyssinian War 1935-1936 1935 ongoing unknown unknown
Italo-Abyssinian Border Clash 1934 1934 1934 unknown unknown
Regents Coup in Ethiopia 1928 1928 1928 unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 1000000.00
2012 1000000.00
2011 1000000.00
2010 1000000.00
2009 1000000.00
2008 1000000.00
2007 1000000.00
2006 1000000.00
2005 1000000.00
2004 1000000.00
2003 1000000.00
2002 1000000.00
2001 1000000.00
2000 1000000.00
1999 1000000.00
1998 1000000.00
1997 1000000.00
1996 1000000.00
1995 1000000.00
1994 1000000.00
1993 1000000.00
1992 1101000.00
1991 1101000.00
1990 1101000.00
1989 1101000.00
1988 1101000.00
1987 1101000.00
1986 1101000.00
1985 1101000.00
1984 1101000.00
1983 1101000.00
1982 1101000.00
1981 1101000.00
1980 1101000.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 138000
2011 138000
2010 138000
2009 138000
2008 138000
2007 138000
2005 183000
2004 182000
2003 162400
2002 252500
2001 252500
2000 352500
1999 325500
1998 120000
1997 120000
1996 120000
1995 120000
1994 120000
1993 120000
1992 120000
1991 120000
1990 250000
1989 250000
1985 217000
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 7,000,000,000 (Birr (ETB)) Unknown Unknown
2012 6,493,000,000 (Birr (ETB)) 17.7 366836158.19
2011 5,618,000,000 (Birr (ETB)) 16.9 332426035.5
2010 4,375,000,000 (Birr (ETB)) 14.41 303608605.14
2009 4,000,000,000 (Birr (ETB)) 11.78 339558573.85
2008 3,727,000,000 (Birr (ETB)) 9.6 388229166.67
2007 3,229,000,000 (Birr (ETB)) 8.97 359977703.46
2006 3,007,000,000 (Birr (ETB)) 8.7 345632183.91
2005 2,965,000,000 (Birr (ETB)) 8.67 341983852.36
2004 2,686,000,000 (Birr (ETB)) 8.64 310879629.63
2003 2,452,000,000 (Birr (ETB)) 8.6 285116279.07
2002 2,341,000,000 (Birr (ETB)) 8.57 273162193.7
2001 2,610,000,000 (Birr (ETB)) 8.46 308510638.3
2000 3,307,000,000 (Birr (ETB)) 8.22 402311435.52
1999 6,842,000,000 (Birr (ETB)) 7.94 861712846.35
1998 4,336,000,000 (Birr (ETB)) 7.12 608988764.04
1997 2,190,000,000 (Birr (ETB)) 6.71 326378539.49
1996 835,000,000 (Birr (ETB)) 6.35 131496062.99
1995 772,000,000 (Birr (ETB)) 6.16 125324675.32
1994 737,000,000 (Birr (ETB)) 5.47 134734917.73
1993 889,000,000 (Birr (ETB)) 5 177800000
1992 750,000,000 (Birr (ETB)) 2.8 267857142.86
1991 681,000,000 (Birr (ETB)) 2.07 328985507.25
1990 1,509,000,000 (Birr (ETB)) 2.07 728985507.25
1989 1,741,000,000 (Birr (ETB)) 2.07 841062801.93
1988 1,494,000,000 (Birr (ETB)) 2.07 721739130.43
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Date Population
2013 94100756
2012 91728849
2011 89393063
2010 87095281
2009 84838032
2008 82621190
2007 80440708
2006 78290649
2005 76167240
2004 74066147
2003 71989666
2002 69948344
2001 67956866
2000 66024199
1999 64158887
1998 62353942
1997 60584273
1996 58815116
1995 57023519
1994 55199953
1993 53357867
1992 51525658
1991 49743883
1990 48042755
1989 46435325
1988 44916621
1987 43477401
1986 42100969
1985 40777189
1984 39493610
1983 38259330
1982 37110033
1981 36094424
1980 35241209
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