Fiji (fiji)

Fiji became independent in 1970 after nearly a century as a British colony. Democratic rule was interrupted by two military coups in 1987 caused by concern over a government perceived as dominated by the Indian community (descendants of contract laborers brought to the islands by the British in the 19th century). The coups and a 1990 constitution that cemented native Melanesian control of Fiji led to heavy Indian emigration; the population loss resulted in economic difficulties, but ensured that Melanesians became the majority. A new constitution enacted in 1997 was more equitable. Free and peaceful elections in 1999 resulted in a government led by an Indo-Fijian, but a civilian-led coup in May 2000 ushered in a prolonged period of political turmoil. Parliamentary elections held in August 2001 provided Fiji with a democratically elected government led by Prime Minister Laisenia QARASE. Re-elected in May 2006, QARASE was ousted in a December 2006 military coup led by Commodore Voreqe BAINIMARAMA, who initially appointed himself acting president but in January 2007 became interim prime minister. Since taking power BAINIMARAMA has neutralized his opponents, crippled Fiji's democratic institutions, and initially refused to hold elections. In 2012, he promised to hold elections in 2014.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 18270.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 3500
Military Expenditure 99,600,000 (Fijian dollars (FJD))
Population 881065
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Fijian Military Coup 1987 1987 1987 unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 18270.00
2012 18270.00
2011 18270.00
2010 18270.00
2009 18270.00
2008 18270.00
2007 18270.00
2006 18270.00
2005 18270.00
2004 18270.00
2003 18270.00
2002 18270.00
2001 18270.00
2000 18270.00
1999 18270.00
1998 18270.00
1997 18270.00
1996 18270.00
1995 18270.00
1994 18270.00
1993 18270.00
1992 18270.00
1991 18270.00
1990 18270.00
1989 18270.00
1988 18270.00
1987 18270.00
1986 18270.00
1985 18270.00
1984 18270.00
1983 18270.00
1982 18270.00
1981 18270.00
1980 18270.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 3500
2011 3500
2010 3500
2009 3500
2008 4000
2007 4000
2006 4000
2005 4000
2004 3000
2003 3500
2002 3500
2001 3500
2000 3500
1999 3500
1998 3500
1997 3600
1996 3600
1995 3900
1994 4000
1993 5000
1992 5000
1991 5000
1990 5000
1989 4000
1985 2700
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 99,600,000 (Fijian dollars (FJD)) 1.84 54130434.78
2012 102,000,000 (Fijian dollars (FJD)) 1.79 56983240.22
2011 98,300,000 (Fijian dollars (FJD)) 1.79 54916201.12
2010 96,800,000 (Fijian dollars (FJD)) 1.92 50416666.67
2009 100,000,000 (Fijian dollars (FJD)) 1.96 51020408.16
2008 85,400,000 (Fijian dollars (FJD)) 1.59 53710691.82
2007 122,000,000 (Fijian dollars (FJD)) 1.61 75776397.52
2006 93,600,000 (Fijian dollars (FJD)) 1.73 54104046.24
2005 72,900,000 (Fijian dollars (FJD)) 1.69 43136094.67
2004 81,100,000 (Fijian dollars (FJD)) 1.73 46878612.72
2003 70,700,000 (Fijian dollars (FJD)) 1.9 37210526.32
2002 67,600,000 (Fijian dollars (FJD)) 2.19 30867579.91
2001 74,700,000 (Fijian dollars (FJD)) 2.28 32763157.89
2000 68,200,000 (Fijian dollars (FJD)) 2.13 32018779.34
1999 46,900,000 (Fijian dollars (FJD)) 1.97 23807106.6
1998 44,900,000 (Fijian dollars (FJD)) 1.99 22562814.07
1997 44,700,000 (Fijian dollars (FJD)) 1.44 31041666.67
1996 46,100,000 (Fijian dollars (FJD)) 1.4 32928571.43
1995 48,800,000 (Fijian dollars (FJD)) 1.41 34609929.08
1994 49,300,000 (Fijian dollars (FJD)) 1.46 33767123.29
1993 49,400,000 (Fijian dollars (FJD)) 1.54 32077922.08
1992 45,900,000 (Fijian dollars (FJD)) 1.5 30600000
1991 47,900,000 (Fijian dollars (FJD)) 1.48 32364864.86
1990 45,200,000 (Fijian dollars (FJD)) 1.48 30540540.54
1989 43,100,000 (Fijian dollars (FJD)) 1.48 29121621.62
1988 35,300,000 (Fijian dollars (FJD)) 1.43 24685314.69
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Date Population
2013 881065
2012 874742
2011 867921
2010 860559
2009 852479
2008 843851
2007 835392
2006 828060
2005 822484
2004 818995
2003 817224
2002 816237
2001 814700
2000 811647
1999 806857
1998 800616
1997 793098
1996 784647
1995 775587
1994 765664
1993 754923
1992 744340
1991 735209
1990 728339
1989 724355
1988 722707
1987 721594
1986 718493
1985 711663
1984 700394
1983 685422
1982 668219
1981 650966
1980 635256
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