Gaza (gaza)

Inhabited since at least the 15th century B.C., Gaza has been dominated by many different peoples and empires throughout its history; it was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in the early 16th century. Gaza fell to British forces during World War I, becoming a part of the British Mandate of Palestine. Following the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, Egypt administered the newly formed Gaza Strip; it was captured by Israel in the Six-Day War in 1967. Under a series of agreements signed between 1994 and 1999, Israel transferred to the Palestinian Authority (PA) security and civilian responsibility for many Palestinian-populated areas of the Gaza Strip as well as the West Bank. Negotiations to determine the permanent status of the West Bank and Gaza Strip stalled after the outbreak of an intifada in mid- 2000. In early 2003, the "Quartet" of the US, EU, UN, and Russia, presented a roadmap to a final peace settlement by 2005, calling for two states - Israel and a democratic Palestine. Following Palestinian leader Yasir ARAFAT's death in late 2004 and the subsequent election of Mahmud ABBAS (head of the Fatah political party) as the PA president, Israel and the PA agreed to move the peace process forward. Israel in late 2005 unilaterally withdrew all of its settlers and soldiers and dismantled its military facilities in the Gaza Strip, but continues to control maritime, airspace, and other access. In early 2006, the Islamic Resistance Movement, HAMAS, won the Palestinian Legislative Council election and took control of the PA government. Attempts to form a unity government between Fatah and HAMAS failed, and violent clashes between Fatah and HAMAS supporters ensued, culminating in HAMAS's violent seizure of all military and governmental institutions in the Gaza Strip in June 2007. Fatah and HAMAS in early 2011 agreed to reunify the Gaza Strip and West Bank, but the factions have struggled to implement details on governance and security. Brief periods of increased violence between Israel and Palestinian militants in the Gaza Strip in 2007-08 and again in 2012, both led to Egyptian-brokered truces. The status quo remains with HAMAS in control of the Gaza Strip and the PA governing the West Bank.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 6020.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 56000
Population 4169506
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Gaza War 2008–2009 2008 2009 unknown unknown
Israeli Raid on Gaza 1955 1955 1955 unknown unknown
Portuguese Conquest of Gaza 1895-1897 1895 1897 unknown unknown
War of the Gazan Succession 1860s 1860 1860 unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 6020.00
2012 6020.00
2011 6020.00
2010 6020.00
2009 6020.00
2008 6020.00
2007 6020.00
2006 6020.00
2005 6020.00
2004 6020.00
2003 6020.00
2002 6020.00
2001 6020.00
2000 6020.00
1999 6020.00
1998 6020.00
1997 6020.00
1996 6020.00
1995 6020.00
1994 6020.00
1993 6020.00
1992 6020.00
1991 6020.00
1990 6020.00
1989 6020.00
1988 6020.00
1987 6020.00
1986 6020.00
1985 6020.00
1984 6020.00
1983 6020.00
1982 6020.00
1981 6020.00
1980 6020.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 56000
2011 56000
2010 56000
2009 56000
2008 56000
2007 56000
2006 56000
2005 56000
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
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Date Population
2013 4169506
2012 4046901
2011 3927051
2010 3811102
2009 3702218
2008 3596688
2007 3494496
2006 3406334
2005 3320396
2004 3236626
2003 3154969
2002 3075373
2001 2997784
2000 2922153
1999 2848431
1998 2776568
1997 2706518
1996 2587997
1995 2474666
1994 2366298
1993 2262676
1992 2163591
1991 2068845
1990 1978248
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