Georgia (georgia)

The region of present day Georgia contained the ancient kingdoms of Colchis and Kartli-Iberia. The area came under Roman influence in the first centuries A.D., and Christianity became the state religion in the 330s. Domination by Persians, Arabs, and Turks was followed by a Georgian golden age (11th-13th centuries) that was cut short by the Mongol invasion of 1236. Subsequently, the Ottoman and Persian empires competed for influence in the region. Georgia was absorbed into the Russian Empire in the 19th century. Independent for three years (1918-1921) following the Russian revolution, it was forcibly incorporated into the USSR in 1921 and regained its independence when the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991. Mounting public discontent over rampant corruption and ineffective government services, followed by an attempt by the incumbent Georgian Government to manipulate national legislative elections in November 2003 touched off widespread protests that led to the resignation of Eduard SHEVARDNADZE, president since 1995. In the aftermath of that popular movement, which became known as the "Rose Revolution," new elections in early 2004 swept Mikheil SAAKASHVILI into power along with his United National Movement (UNM) party. Progress on market reforms and democratization has been made in the years since independence, but this progress has been complicated by Russian assistance and support to the separatist regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Periodic flare-ups in tension and violence culminated in a five-day conflict in August 2008 between Russia and Georgia, including the invasion of large portions of undisputed Georgian territory. Russian troops pledged to pull back from most occupied Georgian territory, but in late August 2008 Russia unilaterally recognized the independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, and Russian military forces remain in those regions. Billionaire philanthropist Bidzina IVANISHVILI's unexpected entry into politics in October 2011 brought the divided opposition together under his Georgian Dream coalition, which won a majority of seats in the October 2012 parliamentary election and removed UNM from power. Conceding defeat, SAAKASHVILI named IVANISHVILI as prime minister and allowed Georgian Dream to create a new government. Georgian Dream's Giorgi MARGVELASHVILI was inaugurated as president on 17 November 2013, ending a tense year of power-sharing between SAAKASHVILI and IVANISHVILI. IVANISHVILI voluntarily resigned from office after the presidential succession, and Georgia's legislature on 20 November 2013 confirmed Irakli GARIBASHVILI as his replacement. Georgia's recent elections represent unique examples of a former Soviet state that emerged to conduct democratic and peaceful government transitions of power. Popular and government support for integration with the West is high in Georgia. Joining the EU and NATO are among the country's top foreign policy goals.

Details
Formation Date 1200
Territory 69490.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 32350
Military Expenditure 736,000,000 (Laris (GEL))
Population 4476900
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Russo-Georgian War 2008 2008 2008 unknown unknown
Abkhazian Rebellion in Georgia 1992-1993 1992 1993 unknown unknown
War in Abkhazia 1992–1993 1992 1993 unknown unknown
Georgian Civil War 1991 1991 1991 unknown unknown
South Ossetian Rebellion in Georgia 1990-1992 1990 1992 unknown unknown
The April Tragedy in Georgia 1989 1989 1989 unknown unknown
Russo-Persian War 1722–1723 1722 1723 unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 69490.00
2012 69490.00
2011 69490.00
2010 69490.00
2009 69490.00
2008 69490.00
2007 69490.00
2006 69490.00
2005 69490.00
2004 69490.00
2003 69490.00
2002 69490.00
2001 69490.00
2000 69490.00
1999 69490.00
1998 69490.00
1997 69490.00
1996 69490.00
1995 69490.00
1994 69490.00
1993 69490.00
1992 69490.00
1991 69490.00
1990 69490.00
1989 69490.00
1988 69490.00
1987 69490.00
1986 69490.00
1985 69490.00
1984 69490.00
1983 69490.00
1982 69490.00
1981 69490.00
1980 69490.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 32350
2011 32350
2010 32355
2009 32355
2008 33000
2007 33000
2006 33000
2005 23000
2004 22000
2003 29200
2002 29200
2001 28500
2000 33400
1999 32800
1998 39200
1997 39200
1996 15000
1995 14000
1994 7000
1993 25000
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 736,000,000 (Laris (GEL)) 1.66 443373493.98
2012 754,000,000 (Laris (GEL)) 1.65 456969696.97
2011 790,000,000 (Laris (GEL)) 1.69 467455621.3
2010 810,000,000 (Laris (GEL)) 1.78 455056179.78
2009 1,008,000,000 (Laris (GEL)) 1.67 603592814.37
2008 1,625,000,000 (Laris (GEL)) 1.49 1090604026.85
2007 1,556,000,000 (Laris (GEL)) 1.67 931736526.95
2006 720,000,000 (Laris (GEL)) 1.78 404494382.02
2005 388,000,000 (Laris (GEL)) 1.81 214364640.88
2004 135,000,000 (Laris (GEL)) 1.92 70312500
2003 91,500,000 (Laris (GEL)) 2.15 42558139.53
2002 74,600,000 (Laris (GEL)) 2.2 33909090.91
2001 49,400,000 (Laris (GEL)) 2.07 23864734.3
2000 37,200,000 (Laris (GEL)) 1.98 18787878.79
1999 52,400,000 (Laris (GEL)) 2.02 25940594.06
1998 57,100,000 (Laris (GEL)) 1.39 41079136.69
1997 57,100,000 (Laris (GEL)) 1.3 43923076.92
1996 85,500,000 (Laris (GEL)) 1.26 67857142.86
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Date Population
2013 4476900
2012 4490700
2011 4483350
2010 4452800
2009 4410900
2008 4383800
2007 4388400
2006 4398000
2005 4361400
2004 4318300
2003 4328900
2002 4357000
2001 4386400
2000 4418300
1999 4452500
1998 4487300
1997 4531600
1996 4616100
1995 4734000
1994 4861600
1993 4911100
1992 4873500
1991 4835900
1990 4802000
1989 4803300
1988 4790700
1987 4743500
1986 4704500
1985 4662900
1984 4622200
1983 4582900
1982 4542800
1981 4504500
1980 4467700
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