Guinea Bissau (guineabissau)

Since independence from Portugal in 1974, Guinea-Bissau has experienced considerable political and military upheaval. In 1980, a military coup established authoritarian dictator Joao Bernardo 'Nino' VIEIRA as president. Despite setting a path to a market economy and multiparty system, VIEIRA's regime was characterized by the suppression of political opposition and the purging of political rivals. Several coup attempts through the 1980s and early 1990s failed to unseat him. In 1994 VIEIRA was elected president in the country's first free elections. A military mutiny and resulting civil war in 1998 eventually led to VIEIRA's ouster in May 1999. In February 2000, a transitional government turned over power to opposition leader Kumba YALA after he was elected president in transparent polling. In September 2003, after only three years in office, YALA was overthrown in a bloodless military coup, and businessman Henrique ROSA was sworn in as interim president. In 2005, former President VIEIRA was re-elected president pledging to pursue economic development and national reconciliation; he was assassinated in March 2009. Malam Bacai SANHA was elected in an emergency election held in June 2009, but he passed away in January 2012 from an existing illness. A military coup in April 2012 prevented Guinea-Bissau's second-round presidential election - to determine SANHA's successor - from taking place.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 28120.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 6450
Military Expenditure 8,465,000,000 (XOF)
Population 1693398
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Guinea-Bissau Civil War 1998-1999 1998 1999 unknown unknown
Military Coup in Guinea-Bissau 1980 1980 1980 unknown unknown
Guinea-Bissauan War of Independence 1962-1974 1962 1974 unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 28120.00
2012 28120.00
2011 28120.00
2010 28120.00
2009 28120.00
2008 28120.00
2007 28120.00
2006 28120.00
2005 28120.00
2004 28120.00
2003 28120.00
2002 28120.00
2001 28120.00
2000 28120.00
1999 28120.00
1998 28120.00
1997 28120.00
1996 28120.00
1995 28120.00
1994 28120.00
1993 28120.00
1992 28120.00
1991 28120.00
1990 28120.00
1989 28120.00
1988 28120.00
1987 28120.00
1986 28120.00
1985 28120.00
1984 28120.00
1983 28120.00
1982 28120.00
1981 28120.00
1980 28120.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 6450
2011 6450
2010 6458
2009 6458
2008 6000
2007 9000
2006 9000
2005 9000
2004 9000
2003 14200
2002 11300
2001 11300
2000 9300
1999 9300
1998 9250
1997 9250
1996 9300
1995 9200
1994 7000
1993 11000
1992 11000
1991 12000
1990 12000
1989 10000
1985 8550
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2012 8,465,000,000 (XOF) 510.53 16580808.18
2011 8,267,000,000 (XOF) 471.87 17519655.84
2010 8,484,000,000 (XOF) 495.28 17129704.41
2009 6,490,000,000 (XOF) 472.19 13744467.27
2005 6,391,000,000 (XOF) 527.47 12116328.89
2003 4,362,000,000 (XOF) 581.2 7505161.73
2002 4,435,000,000 (XOF) 696.99 6363075.51
2001 4,533,000,000 (XOF) 733.04 6183837.17
2000 6,786,000,000 (XOF) 711.98 9531166.61
1998 1,711,000,000 (XOF) 589.95 2900245.78
1997 1,061,000,000 (XOF) 583.67 1817808.01
1996 770,000,000 (XOF) 405.75 1897720.27
1995 615,000,000 (XOF) 278.04 2211911.96
1994 400,000,000 (XOF) 198.34 2016738.93
1989 123,000,000 (XOF) 27.85 4416517.06
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Date Population
2014 1693398
2013 1704255
2012 1663558
2011 1624228
2010 1586624
2009 1550905
2008 1516920
2007 1484337
2006 1452659
2005 1421515
2004 1390791
2003 1360559
2002 1330849
2001 1301748
2000 1273312
1999 1245530
1998 1218336
1997 1191672
1996 1165465
1995 1139667
1994 1114249
1993 1089235
1992 1064691
1991 1040717
1990 1017385
1989 994816
1988 973017
1987 951816
1986 930962
1985 910336
1984 889592
1983 868908
1982 849298
1981 832141
1980 818280
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