India (india)

The Indus Valley civilization, one of the world's oldest, flourished during the 3rd and 2nd millennia B.C. and extended into north-western India. Aryan tribes from the north-west infiltrated the Indian subcontinent about 1500 B.C.; their merger with the earlier Dravidian inhabitants created the classical Indian culture. The Maurya Empire of the 4th and 3rd centuries B.C. - which reached its zenith under ASHOKA - united much of South Asia. The Golden Age ushered in by the Gupta dynasty (4th to 6th centuries A.D.) saw a flowering of Indian science, art, and culture. Islam spread across the subcontinent over a period of 700 years. In the 10th and 11th centuries, Turks and Afghans invaded India and established the Delhi Sultanate. In the early 16th century, the Emperor BABUR established the Mughal Dynasty which ruled India for more than three centuries. European explorers began establishing footholds in India during the 16th century. By the 19th century, Great Britain had become the dominant political power on the subcontinent. The British Indian Army played a vital role in both World Wars. Years of non-violent resistance to British rule, led by Mohandas GANDHI and Jawaharlal NEHRU, eventually resulted in Indian independence, which was granted in 1947. Large-scale communal violence took place before and after the subcontinent partition into two separate states - India and Pakistan. The neighbouring nations have fought three wars since independence, the last of which was in 1971 and resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. India's nuclear weapons tests in 1998 emboldened Pakistan to conduct its own tests that same year. In November 2008, terrorists originating from Pakistan conducted a series of coordinated attacks in Mumbai, India's financial capital. Despite pressing problems such as significant overpopulation, environmental degradation, extensive poverty, and widespread corruption, economic growth following the launch of economic reforms in 1991 and a massive youthful population are driving India's emergence as a regional and global power.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 2973190.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 2728700
Military Expenditure 2,777,000,000,000 (Indian Rupees (INR))
Population 1236344631
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Operation Enduring Freedom – Horn of Africa 2002 2002 ongoing unknown unknown
Bangladeshi-Indian border skirmish 2001 2001 2001 unknown unknown
Kargil War 1999 1999 1999 unknown unknown
Hindu-Muslim Riot in India 1992 1992 1992 unknown unknown
Muslim Insurgency in Kashmir, India 1988-Present 1988 ongoing unknown unknown
Hindu-Muslim Rioting in India 1982 1982 1982 unknown unknown
Sikh Separatism in India 1982 1982 1982 unknown unknown
Bangladesh War of Independence 1971 1971 1971 unknown unknown
Second Kashmir War 1965 1965 1965 13459 unknown
Sino-Indian War 1962-1963 1962 1963 7000 unknown
Sino-Indian Border Skirmishing 1960 1960 1960 unknown unknown
Nagaland Insurgency in India 1954-1975 1954 1975 unknown unknown
Nagaland Insurgency in India 1954-1975 1954 1975 34000 unknown
Golden Temple Massacre in India 1984 1948 1948 500 unknown
Indian Annexation of Hyderabad 1948 1948 1948 unknown unknown
Indian Annexation of Junagadh 1947 1947 1947 unknown unknown
First Kashmir War 1947-1949 1947 1949 unknown unknown
Partition of the British Indian Empire 1946-1947 1946 1947 unknown unknown
Hindu-Muslim Riot in India 1924 1924 1924 unknown unknown
Jallianwala Bagh Massacre in India 1919 1919 1919 unknown unknown
Red River Indian War 1874-1875 1874 1875 unknown unknown
The Sepoy Mutiny in India 1857-1858 1857 1858 10000 unknown
The Indian Stream "War" 1835 1835 1835 unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 2973190.00
2012 2973190.00
2011 2973190.00
2010 2973190.00
2009 2973190.00
2008 2973190.00
2007 2973190.00
2006 2973190.00
2005 2973190.00
2004 2973190.00
2003 2973190.00
2002 2973190.00
2001 2973190.00
2000 2973190.00
1999 2973190.00
1998 2973190.00
1997 2973190.00
1996 2973190.00
1995 2973190.00
1994 2973190.00
1993 2973190.00
1992 2973190.00
1991 2973190.00
1990 2973190.00
1989 2973190.00
1988 2973190.00
1987 2973190.00
1986 2973190.00
1985 2973190.00
1984 2973190.00
1983 2973190.00
1982 2973190.00
1981 2973190.00
1980 2973190.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 2728700
2011 2647150
2010 2625586
2009 2625586
2008 2582000
2007 2576000
2006 2589000
2005 3047000
2004 2617000
2003 2414700
2002 2387700
2001 2352700
2000 2372000
1999 2263000
1998 2265000
1997 2233000
1996 2223000
1995 2149500
1994 1270000
1993 1270000
1992 1270000
1991 1270000
1990 1260000
1989 1260000
1985 1260000
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 2,777,000,000,000 (Indian Rupees (INR)) 58.6 47389078498.29
2012 2,523,000,000,000 (Indian Rupees (INR)) 53.44 47211826347.31
2011 2,316,000,000,000 (Indian Rupees (INR)) 46.67 49625026783.8
2010 2,108,000,000,000 (Indian Rupees (INR)) 45.73 46096654275.09
2009 1,874,000,000,000 (Indian Rupees (INR)) 48.41 38711010121.88
2008 1,436,000,000,000 (Indian Rupees (INR)) 43.51 33003907147.78
2007 1,168,000,000,000 (Indian Rupees (INR)) 41.35 28246674727.93
2006 1,085,000,000,000 (Indian Rupees (INR)) 45.31 23946148753.03
2005 1,017,000,000,000 (Indian Rupees (INR)) 44.1 23061224489.8
2004 917,000,000,000 (Indian Rupees (INR)) 45.32 20233892321.27
2003 774,000,000,000 (Indian Rupees (INR)) 46.58 16616573636.75
2002 722,000,000,000 (Indian Rupees (INR)) 48.61 14852910923.68
2001 703,000,000,000 (Indian Rupees (INR)) 47.19 14897223988.13
2000 647,000,000,000 (Indian Rupees (INR)) 44.94 14396973742.77
1999 627,000,000,000 (Indian Rupees (INR)) 43.06 14561077566.19
1998 511,000,000,000 (Indian Rupees (INR)) 41.26 12384876393.6
1997 435,000,000,000 (Indian Rupees (INR)) 36.31 11980170751.86
1996 359,000,000,000 (Indian Rupees (INR)) 35.43 10132655941.29
1995 327,000,000,000 (Indian Rupees (INR)) 32.43 10083256244.22
1994 283,000,000,000 (Indian Rupees (INR)) 31.37 9021357985.34
1993 265,000,000,000 (Indian Rupees (INR)) 30.49 8691374221.06
1992 213,000,000,000 (Indian Rupees (INR)) 25.92 8217592592.59
1991 199,000,000,000 (Indian Rupees (INR)) 22.74 8751099384.34
1990 188,000,000,000 (Indian Rupees (INR)) 17.5 10742857142.86
1989 175,000,000,000 (Indian Rupees (INR)) 16.23 10782501540.36
1988 162,000,000,000 (Indian Rupees (INR)) 13.92 11637931034.48
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Date Population
2014 1236344631
2013 1252139596
2012 1236686732
2011 1221156319
2010 1205624648
2009 1190138069
2008 1174662334
2007 1159095250
2006 1143289350
2005 1127143548
2004 1110626108
2003 1093786762
2002 1076705723
2001 1059500888
2000 1042261758
1999 1025014711
1998 1007746556
1997 990460131
1996 973147577
1995 955804355
1994 938452550
1993 921107534
1992 903749636
1991 886348712
1990 868890700
1989 851374699
1988 833833510
1987 816328792
1986 798941802
1985 781736502
1984 764749394
1983 747986284
1982 731443752
1981 715105168
1980 698965575
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