Indonesia (indonesia)

The Dutch began to colonize Indonesia in the early 17th century; Japan occupied the islands from 1942 to 1945. Indonesia declared its independence shortly before Japan's surrender, but it required four years of sometimes brutal fighting, intermittent negotiations, and UN mediation before the Netherlands agreed to transfer sovereignty in 1949. A period of sometimes unruly parliamentary democracy ended in 1957 when President SOEKARNO declared martial law and instituted "Guided Democracy." After an abortive coup in 1965 by alleged communist sympathizers, SOEKARNO was gradually eased from power. From 1967 until 1988, President SUHARTO ruled Indonesia with his "New Order" government. After rioting toppled Suharto in 1998, free and fair legislative elections took place in 1999. Indonesia is now the world's third most populous democracy, the world's largest archipelagic state, and the world's largest Muslim-majority nation. Current issues include: alleviating poverty, improving education, preventing terrorism, consolidating democracy after four decades of authoritarianism, implementing economic and financial reforms, stemming corruption, reforming the criminal justice system, holding the military and police accountable for human rights violations, addressing climate change, and controlling infectious diseases, particularly those of global and regional importance. In 2005, Indonesia reached a historic peace agreement with armed separatists in Aceh, which led to democratic elections in Aceh in December 2006. Indonesia continues to face low intensity armed resistance in Papua by the separatist Free Papua Movement.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 1811570.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 676500
Military Expenditure 81,964,000,000,000 (Indonesian Rupiah (IDR))
Population 249865631
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Operation Enduring Freedom – Horn of Africa 2002 2002 ongoing unknown unknown
East Timorese crisis 1999 1999 2000 unknown unknown
Indonesian Occupation of East Timor 1975-1989 1975 1989 131000 unknown
The Free Papua Movement 1969-Present 1969 ongoing 30000 unknown
Gestapu Coup Attempt in Indonesia 1965 1965 1965 7000 unknown
Indonesian Confrontation with Malaysia 1963-1966 1963 1966 45000 unknown
Indonesian Intervention in Brunei 1962 1962 1962 unknown unknown
Achinese Rebellion in Indonesia 1958-1959 1958 1959 unknown unknown
PRRI Revolt in Indonesia 1958-1961 1958 1961 unknown unknown
Achinese Rebellion in Indonesia 1953-1957 1953 1957 unknown unknown
French Indochina War 1946-1954 1946 1954 unknown unknown
Indonesian National Revolution 1945-1950 1945 1950 7000 unknown
Yen Bai Uprising in French Indochina 1930-1931 1930 1931 unknown unknown
French Indochina War 1882-1883 1882 1883 unknown unknown
French Indochina War 1873-1874 1873 1874 unknown unknown
French Indochina War 1858-1863 1858 1863 unknown unknown
Great Java War 1825-1830 1825 1830 11000 unknown
Great Java War 1825-1830 1825 1830 11000 unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 1811570.00
2012 1811570.00
2011 1811570.00
2010 1811570.00
2009 1811570.00
2008 1811570.00
2007 1811570.00
2006 1811570.00
2005 1811570.00
2004 1811570.00
2003 1811570.00
2002 1811570.00
2001 1811570.00
2000 1811570.00
1999 1811570.00
1998 1811570.00
1997 1811570.00
1996 1811570.00
1995 1811570.00
1994 1811570.00
1993 1811570.00
1992 1811570.00
1991 1811570.00
1990 1811570.00
1989 1811570.00
1988 1811570.00
1987 1811570.00
1986 1811570.00
1985 1811570.00
1984 1811570.00
1983 1811570.00
1982 1811570.00
1981 1811570.00
1980 1811570.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 676500
2011 676500
2010 582000
2009 582000
2008 582000
2007 582000
2006 582000
2005 582000
2004 582000
2003 497000
2002 492000
2001 492000
2000 492000
1999 499000
1998 499000
1997 484000
1996 485200
1995 460500
1994 280000
1993 271000
1992 283000
1991 278000
1990 283000
1989 285000
1985 278100
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 81,964,000,000,000 (Indonesian Rupiah (IDR)) 10461.24 7835017646.09
2012 72,936,000,000,000 (Indonesian Rupiah (IDR)) 9386.63 7770200806.89
2011 51,202,000,000,000 (Indonesian Rupiah (IDR)) 8770.43 5838026185.72
2010 42,392,000,000,000 (Indonesian Rupiah (IDR)) 9090.43 4663365759.38
2009 34,333,000,000,000 (Indonesian Rupiah (IDR)) 10389.94 3304446416.44
2008 31,349,000,000,000 (Indonesian Rupiah (IDR)) 9698.96 3232202215.5
2007 30,611,000,000,000 (Indonesian Rupiah (IDR)) 9141 3348758341.54
2006 23,923,000,000,000 (Indonesian Rupiah (IDR)) 9159.32 2611875117.37
2005 20,829,000,000,000 (Indonesian Rupiah (IDR)) 9704.74 2146270791.39
2004 21,712,000,000,000 (Indonesian Rupiah (IDR)) 8938.85 2428947795.3
2003 19,876,000,000,000 (Indonesian Rupiah (IDR)) 8577.13 2317325259.15
2002 14,308,000,000,000 (Indonesian Rupiah (IDR)) 9311.19 1536645691.9
2001 7,864,000,000,000 (Indonesian Rupiah (IDR)) 10260.85 766408241.03
1999 6,319,000,000,000 (Indonesian Rupiah (IDR)) 7855.15 804440398.97
1998 6,598,000,000,000 (Indonesian Rupiah (IDR)) 10013.62 658902574.69
1997 4,780,000,000,000 (Indonesian Rupiah (IDR)) 2909.38 1642961730.68
1996 4,196,000,000,000 (Indonesian Rupiah (IDR)) 2342.3 1791401613.8
1995 3,531,000,000,000 (Indonesian Rupiah (IDR)) 2248.61 1570303431.9
1994 3,143,000,000,000 (Indonesian Rupiah (IDR)) 2160.75 1454587527.48
1993 2,496,000,000,000 (Indonesian Rupiah (IDR)) 2087.1 1195917780.65
1992 2,455,000,000,000 (Indonesian Rupiah (IDR)) 2029.92 1209407267.28
1991 2,079,000,000,000 (Indonesian Rupiah (IDR)) 1950.32 1065978916.28
1990 1,919,000,000,000 (Indonesian Rupiah (IDR)) 1842.81 1041344468.5
1989 1,574,000,000,000 (Indonesian Rupiah (IDR)) 1770.06 889235393.15
1988 1,427,000,000,000 (Indonesian Rupiah (IDR)) 1685.7 846532597.73
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Date Population
2013 249865631
2012 246864191
2011 243801639
2010 240676485
2009 237486894
2008 234243489
2007 230972808
2006 227709821
2005 224480901
2004 221293797
2003 218145617
2002 215038285
2001 211970371
2000 208938698
1999 205946831
1998 202990922
1997 200050444
1996 197097887
1995 194112556
1994 191085673
1993 188019278
1992 184916848
1991 181786329
1990 178633239
1989 175460614
1988 172265107
1987 169039084
1986 165772077
1985 162458871
1984 159097735
1983 155698247
1982 152280731
1981 148872395
1980 145494452
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