Jamaica (jamaica)

The island - discovered by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1494 - was settled by the Spanish early in the 16th century. The native Taino, who had inhabited Jamaica for centuries, were gradually exterminated and replaced by African slaves. England seized the island in 1655 and established a plantation economy based on sugar, cocoa, and coffee. The abolition of slavery in 1834 freed a quarter million slaves, many of whom became small farmers. Jamaica gradually increased its independence from Britain. In 1958 it joined other British Caribbean colonies in forming the Federation of the West Indies. Jamaica gained full independence when it withdrew from the Federation in 1962. Deteriorating economic conditions during the 1970s led to recurrent violence as rival gangs affiliated with the major political parties evolved into powerful organized crime networks involved in international drug smuggling and money laundering. Violent crime, drug trafficking, and poverty pose significant challenges to the government today. Nonetheless, many rural and resort areas remain relatively safe and contribute substantially to the economy.

Details
Formation Date 1600
Territory 10830.00 (Sq. Km)
Military Personel 2830
Military Expenditure 12,171,000,000 (Jamaican Dollars (JMD))
Population 2715000
Conflict Name Initiation Year Termination Year Total Killed Total Casuality
Kingston Unrest 2010 2010 2010 unknown unknown
Military Coup in Jamaica 1948 1948 1948 unknown unknown
Morant Bay Rebellion in Jamaica 1865 1865 1865 unknown unknown
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Establishment Date Territory Area
2013 10830.00
2012 10830.00
2011 10830.00
2010 10830.00
2009 10830.00
2008 10830.00
2007 10830.00
2006 10830.00
2005 10830.00
2004 10830.00
2003 10830.00
2002 10830.00
2001 10830.00
2000 10830.00
1999 10830.00
1998 10830.00
1997 10830.00
1996 10830.00
1995 10830.00
1994 10830.00
1993 10830.00
1992 10830.00
1991 10830.00
1990 10830.00
1989 10830.00
1988 10830.00
1987 10830.00
1986 10830.00
1985 10830.00
1984 10830.00
1983 10830.00
1982 10830.00
1981 10830.00
1980 10830.00
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Date Military Personnel
2012 2830
2011 2830
2010 2830
2009 2830
2008 3000
2007 3000
2006 3000
2005 3000
2004 2000
2003 3000
2002 3000
2001 3000
2000 3000
1999 3020
1998 3470
1997 3470
1996 3500
1995 3500
1994 3000
1993 3000
1992 3000
1991 3000
1990 3000
1989 3000
1985 2100
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Date Expenditure Exchange Rate Us Doller Equivalence
2013 12,171,000,000 (Jamaican Dollars (JMD)) 100.24 121418595.37
2012 12,215,000,000 (Jamaican Dollars (JMD)) 88.75 137633802.82
2011 11,479,000,000 (Jamaican Dollars (JMD)) 85.89 133647688.9
2010 10,077,000,000 (Jamaican Dollars (JMD)) 87.2 115561926.61
2009 10,091,000,000 (Jamaican Dollars (JMD)) 87.89 114813972.01
2008 9,509,000,000 (Jamaican Dollars (JMD)) 72.76 130689939.53
2007 5,778,000,000 (Jamaican Dollars (JMD)) 69.19 83509177.63
2006 4,776,000,000 (Jamaican Dollars (JMD)) 65.74 72649832.67
2005 3,695,000,000 (Jamaican Dollars (JMD)) 62.28 59328837.51
2004 3,337,000,000 (Jamaican Dollars (JMD)) 61.2 54526143.79
2003 3,244,000,000 (Jamaican Dollars (JMD)) 57.74 56182888.81
2002 2,936,000,000 (Jamaican Dollars (JMD)) 48.42 60636100.78
2001 2,212,000,000 (Jamaican Dollars (JMD)) 46 48086956.52
2000 1,896,000,000 (Jamaican Dollars (JMD)) 42.99 44103279.83
1999 1,802,000,000 (Jamaican Dollars (JMD)) 39.04 46157786.89
1998 1,641,000,000 (Jamaican Dollars (JMD)) 36.55 44897400.82
1997 2,041,000,000 (Jamaican Dollars (JMD)) 35.4 57655367.23
1996 1,681,000,000 (Jamaican Dollars (JMD)) 37.12 45285560.34
1995 1,305,000,000 (Jamaican Dollars (JMD)) 35.14 37137165.62
1994 825,000,000 (Jamaican Dollars (JMD)) 33.09 24932003.63
1993 744,000,000 (Jamaican Dollars (JMD)) 24.95 29819639.28
1992 928,000,000 (Jamaican Dollars (JMD)) 22.96 40418118.47
1991 299,000,000 (Jamaican Dollars (JMD)) 12.12 24669967
1990 203,000,000 (Jamaican Dollars (JMD)) 7.18 28272980.5
1989 180,000,000 (Jamaican Dollars (JMD)) 5.74 31358885.02
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Date Population
2013 2715000
2012 2707805
2011 2699838
2010 2690824
2009 2681386
2008 2671934
2007 2662481
2006 2653042
2005 2643601
2004 2634145
2003 2624695
2002 2615253
2001 2605556
2000 2589389
1999 2574289
1998 2556780
1997 2534069
1996 2509923
1995 2480000
1994 2460002
1993 2441024
1992 2423044
1991 2406042
1990 2390000
1989 2374900
1988 2356400
1987 2350600
1986 2335800
1985 2311100
1984 2279900
1983 2240800
1982 2200100
1981 2162300
1980 2133000
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